Dennis W. Thomas

Learn More
Production of prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) is enhanced during inflammation, and this lipid mediator can dramatically modulate immune responses. There are four receptors for PGE(2) (EP1-EP4) with unique patterns of expression and different coupling to intracellular signaling pathways. To identify the EP receptors that regulate cellular immune responses, we(More)
BACKGROUND Isoprostanes (iPs) are free radical-catalyzed products of arachidonic acid that reflect lipid peroxidation in vivo. Several iPs exert biological effects in vitro and may contribute to the functional consequences of oxidant stress. For example, iPF(2alpha)-III (8-iso PGF(2alpha)) and iPE(2)-III modulate platelet function and vascular tone.(More)
BACKGROUND Numerous studies have suggested a link between Chlamydia pneumoniae infection, atherosclerosis, and coronary artery disease. However, it is still unclear whether C pneumoniae plays a causal role in the pathogenesis of these conditions. Accordingly, we have performed a systematic dissection of the 3 coronary arteries on 33 postmortem subjects and(More)
Alpha-1-antitrypsin concentration was analyzed by immunoelectrophoresis in samples of human colostrum (n = 3) and of mature milk from mothers between 2 to 52 wk postpartum (n = 39), one of whom was known to be PiMZ with a PiZZ infant. All milk samples tested contained alpha-1-antitrypsin. The three colostrum samples contained 140, 520, and 250 mg/liter. The(More)
We compared Helena "QUIPlates" and Calbiochem "LC-Partigen" radial immunodiffusion systems for their ability to measure fecal concentrations of alpha 1-antitrypsin (FA1AT). Reference ranges for FA1AT concentrations in infants receiving various diets, in children, and in adults are given for each system. FA1AT values obtained with Calbiochem LC-Partigen(More)
Prior studies have demonstrated that treatment of young, prenephritic lupus-prone mice with Ab directed against CD40 ligand (CD40L) prolongs survival and decreases the incidence of severe nephritis. In this report, we show that for (SWR x NZB)F1 (SNF1) animals with established lupus nephritis, long-term treatment with anti-CD40L beginning at either 5.5 or 7(More)
The hallmark of acute allograft rejection is infiltration of the inflamed graft by circulating leukocytes. We studied the role of fractalkine (FKN) and its receptor, CX(3)CR1, in allograft rejection. FKN expression was negligible in nonrejecting cardiac isografts but was significantly enhanced in rejecting allografts. At early time points, FKN expression(More)
Alloreactive guinea pig thymus-derived (T) cells generated in vitro were rendered unresponsive to allogeneic macrophages by treatment with bromodeoxyuridine and light. The remaining T cells were subsequently primed and rechallenged in tissue culture with trinitrophenyl (Tnp)-modified syngeneic or allogeneic macrophages. By this procedure we found that the(More)