Dennis W. Organ

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A field study of 182 university students in their residences tested the relationships among subjective time pressure, Type A scores, and organizational citizenship behavior. Perceived time pressure did not inhibit any form of citizenship behavior. Scores on the Achievement-Striving dimension of the Type A measure were positively related to the impersonal(More)
Time pressure was manipulated in a laboratory task for 77 undergraduate subjects, who also responded to a measure of Type A syndrome. Afterwards, an occasion for organizational citizenship behavior was presented in the form of participation in a survey. Type A scores were unrelated to those on any measure of organizational citizenship behavior; time(More)
I n recent years, Western scholars have increasingly emphasized the importance of organizational citizenship behavior (OCB)—employees' behavior and actions that are not specifically designated in their formal job duties. Almost the entire body of empirical research on OCB is based on studies conducted in the United States, using U.S. employee populations as(More)
The authors find reasons to question whether conventional measures of job satisfaction capture the original conception of 'morale'. In particular, evidence suggests that these measures reflect primarily cognitive evaluation rather than affective state or hedonic tone. Recent developments indicate that cognitive and affective systems may be somewhat(More)
This study addressed the feasibility, practicality, and effects of a management style defined as "Management-by-Virtues," a management philosophy and practice based on virtues derived from religious beliefs. The study focused on Management-by-Virtues as practiced in Christian firms and assessed the effect that Management-by-Virtues could have on such(More)
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