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Prior studies have shown that fluid secretions from airway submucosal glands in cystic fibrosis (CF) are reduced and hyperviscous, possibly contributing to the pathogenesis of CF airway disease. Because the CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) protein can transport both chloride and bicarbonate, we investigated whether gland fluid pH is abnormal in(More)
We measured the pH of the alveolar subphase fluid by puncturing the most superficial alveoli of the exposed lungs of anesthetized rabbits with H+-selective and nonselective KCl microelectrodes. In these experiments, we bathed the lung surface with paraffin oil or buffered Ringer's solutions that had a CO2 tension of 40 Torr (1 Torr = 133.3 Pa) and found an(More)
In 156 infants and children referred for flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FFB) we examined the larynx before and after application of 2% lidocaine solution to see what effect topical anesthesia might have on laryngeal function. All patients received midazolam and nalbuphine intravenously. Using blinded, randomly re-recorded key segments of the original(More)
The airway surface liquid (ASL) is the thin fluid layer lining the airways whose depth may be reduced in cystic fibrosis. Prior measurements of ASL depth have been made in airway epithelial cell cultures. Here, we established methodology to measure ASL depth to approximately 1-microm accuracy in ex vivo fragments of freshly obtained human and pig tracheas.(More)
California uses a unique method to screen newborns for cystic fibrosis (CF) that includes gene scanning and DNA sequencing after only one California-40 cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) panel mutation has been identified in hypertrypsinogenemic specimens. Newborns found by sequencing to have one or more additional mutations or(More)
Ribotyping, a method of strain identification based on analysis of bacterial genomic restriction fragment length polymorphisms, was used to investigate the acquisition of Pseudomonas cepacia by a patient with cystic fibrosis. Analysis of isolates recovered from the index patient and his contacts showed person-to-person transmission of this opportunist(More)
Bacterial communities in the airways of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients are, as in other ecological niches, influenced by autogenic and allogenic factors. However, our understanding of microbial colonization in younger versus older CF airways and the association with pulmonary function is rudimentary at best. Using a phylogenetic microarray, we examine the(More)
A relation was found between persistent stridor and gastroesophageal reflux in seven infants, aged 6 weeks to 6 months. Stridor began at 11 days to 2 months of age, and four of the seven infants had transient hypercarbia on at least one occasion before study. Only one had a history of frequent vomiting; three had recurrent pneumonia. Midesophageal pH, chest(More)
It has been proposed that defective submucosal gland function in CF airways is a major determinant of CF airway disease. We tested the hypothesis that submucosal gland function is defective early in CF subjects with minimal clinical disease. Functional assays of gland fluid secretion rate and viscosity were performed on freshly obtained nasal biopsies from(More)
Plastic bronchitis or cast bronchitis is a rare disease of unclear etiology characterized by formation of airway casts that can lead to life-threatening airway obstruction. There is currently limited data regarding optimal treatment of plastic bronchitis. Several therapies have been suggested, but recurrences are common and mortality remains high. We report(More)