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This article investigates two competing explanations of the mere exposure ef-fect—the cognition-based perceptual fluency/misattribution theory (PF/M) and the affect-based hedonic fluency model (HFM)—under incidental exposure conditions. In two studies, the classical mere exposure effect is replicated in the context of banner advertising. The findings rule(More)
The effect of age on pilocarpine-induced expression of the immediate-early gene c-fos was examined in the hippocampus and cortex of Long-Evans rats. Rats were treated with either pilocarpine (25 mg/kg) or saline, and sacrificed 90 min. following injection. The level of c-fos mRNA and Fos-like protein expression was determined using in situ hybridization(More)
Acknowledgments Many of the insights reported in this paper would not have been possible without the suggestions and valuable contributions from David Fay, Principal Member of the Technical Staff at GTE Laboratories. The scales to measure risk, heterogeneity, and product class knowledge were adopted from those used by David Fay and Ruth Bolton in their 1991(More)
For children with cognitive impairments who develop obesity and sleep apnea, the treatment options are not good. Adenotonsillectomy sometimes improves symptoms, but if it does not, then home continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the only option. However, CPAP requires the patient' s understanding and cooperation. If the patient does not have the(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of the present study is to examine the craniofacial development of patients with Down syndrome (DS) and compare them with a neurotypical population. METHODS This study is a cross-sectional analysis of lateral cephalometric radiographs of participants with DS. The study population consisted of children and young adults with DS aged(More)
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