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BACKGROUND Continued consumption of alcohol despite deleterious consequences is a hallmark of alcoholism and represents a critical challenge to therapeutic intervention. Previous rat studies showed(More)
BACKGROUND Drinking in the dark (DID) procedures have recently been developed to induce high levels of ethanol drinking in C57BL/6J mice, which result in blood ethanol concentrations (BECs) reaching(More)
BACKGROUND Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a 36-amino acid neuromodulator that is expressed throughout the central nervous system. Recent genetic and pharmacological evidence suggests that the NPY Y1(More)