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BACKGROUND A decline in muscle mass and muscle strength characterizes normal aging. As clinical and animal studies show a relationship between higher cytokine levels and low muscle mass, the aim of this study was to investigate whether markers of inflammation are associated with muscle mass and strength in well-functioning elderly persons. METHODS We used(More)
PURPOSE Androgen suppression therapy (AST) results in musculoskeletal toxicity that reduces physical function and quality of life. This study examined the impact of a combined resistance and aerobic exercise program as a countermeasure to these AST-related toxicities. PATIENTS AND METHODS Between 2007 and 2008, 57 patients with prostate cancer undergoing(More)
Two factors generally reported to influence bone density are body composition and muscle strength. However, it is unclear if these relationships are consistent across race and sex, especially in older persons. If differences do exist by race and/or sex, then strategies to maintain bone mass or minimize bone loss in older adults may need to be modified(More)
PURPOSE To examine the effect of progressive resistance training on muscle function, functional performance, balance, body composition, and muscle thickness in men receiving androgen deprivation for prostate cancer. METHODS Ten men aged 59-82 yr on androgen deprivation for localized prostate cancer undertook progressive resistance training for 20 wk at 6-(More)
BACKGROUND Due to concerns of fragility fracture, exercise is a perceived contraindication for prostate cancer patients with bone metastases. These patients experience significant functional impairment and muscle atrophy, which may lead to an increased likelihood of skeletal complicaTIOns (i.e., pathological fracture, bone pain) and/or falls. Safe(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a 12-month resistance training program, of two different intensities, on bone mineral density (BMD) in healthy, older women. Twenty-six Caucasian women (aged 65-79 years) completed the study. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of three groups: high-intensity (HI; n = 8), low-intensity (LI; n =(More)
BACKGROUND Long-term prostate cancer (PCa) survivors are at increased risk for comorbidities and physical deconditioning. OBJECTIVE To determine the effectiveness of a year-long randomised controlled trial of exercise training in PCa survivors >5 yr postdiagnosis on physical functioning. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Between 2010 and 2011, 100(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic inflammation has been proposed as a biological mechanism underlying the decline in physical function that occurs with aging. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the cross-sectional and prospective relationships between markers of inflammation, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP), with several measures of(More)
BACKGROUND The age-related loss of muscle power in older adults is greater than that of muscle strength and is associated with a decline in physical performance. OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of a short-term high-velocity varied resistance training programme on physical performance in healthy community-dwelling adults aged 60-80 years. METHODS(More)
An age-related decline in muscle performance is a known risk factor for falling, fracture and disability. In women, a clear deterioration is observed from early menopause. The effect of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in preserving muscle performance is, however, unclear. This trial examined the effects of a 12-month HRT and high-impact physical exercise(More)