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We studied microvessel organization in five brain tumor models (ENU, MSV, RG-2, S635cl15, and D-54MG) and normal brain, including microvessel diameter (LMVD), intermicrovessel distance (IMVD), microvessel density (MVD), surface area (S(v)), and orientation. LMVD and IMVD were larger and MVD was lower in tumors than normal brain. S(v) in tumors overlapped(More)
A total of 72 RG-2 transplanted gliomas were studied in 58 rats at three time points (1, 30, 240 min) after intravenous injection of [125I]radioiodinated serum albumin ([125I]RISA). The animals were divided into two groups: a control group that received no treatment and a second group that was treated with five doses of 1.5 mg/kg of dexamethasone over 2.5(More)
We have previously demonstrated that receptors for hematopoietic growth factors, stem cell factor (SCF) and granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) are expressed in the neurons and the neural progenitor cells (NPCs) of the adult rat brain, and that systemic administration of SCF and G-CSF in the first week after induction of cortical brain ischemia (3(More)
Drug delivery to brain tumors has been a controversial subject. Some believe the blood-brain barrier is not important, while others believe it is the major obstacle in treatment and have devised innovative approaches to circumvent it. These approaches can be divided into two categories: those that attempt to increase drug delivery of intravascularly(More)
Regional measurements of blood-to-tissue transport were performed in transplanted RG-2 rat gliomas using [alpha- 14C]aminoisobutyric acid (AIB), quantitative autoradiography, and equations to express a unidirectional transfer constant. Thirty-eight intracranial tumors in ten rats were analyzed according to location; 23 intraparenchymal tumors, eight(More)
We used double-label quantitative autoradiography to study blood flow (with [131I]iodoantipyrine) and blood-to-tissue transport (with [14C]-alpha-aminoisobutyric acid) in 20 TE-671 medulloblastomas xenotransplanted into nude rats. Microscopically, two distinct patterns of tumor growth were observed: (a) a solid tumor mass; and (b) a tumor in which nearly(More)
Regional blood flow was measured in experimental brain tumors using iodoantipyrine labeled with carbon 14 and quantitative autoradiography. A total of fifteen oligodendrogliomas, sixteen mixed gliomas, one astrocytoma, one ependymoma, and three malignant schwannomas were studied in 9 rats. The mean tumor blood flows for all glioma classifications were(More)
The ability of antiviral and antiretroviral drugs to enter the brain is a critical issue in the treatment of many viral brain diseases, including HIV-related neurologic disease. Much of the literature concerning nucleoside analog entry into the nervous system focuses on drug levels in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), equating these with drug levels in the(More)
Regional measurements of blood flow (F) were performed in transplanted intracerebral RG-2 rat gliomas using [14C]iodoantipyrine, Kety-Schmidt blood flow equations, and quantitative autoradiography. Twenty-nine intracranial tumors in ten rats were analyzed by location; 18 intraparenchymal, seven meningeal, two third-ventricular, and two fourth-ventricular(More)
Seven different experimental glioma models were studied to determine their capillary permeability to horseradish peroxidase. The models were the autochthonous ASV-viral model, intracerebral (ic) and (sc) injections of rat 9L and RG-2 tumor cell lines, the sc rat S-69C15 tumor cell line, and human glioblastoma cell lines in nude mice. The ASV-viral model(More)