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We studied microvessel organization in five brain tumor models (ENU, MSV, RG-2, S635cl15, and D-54MG) and normal brain, including microvessel diameter (LMVD), intermicrovessel distance (IMVD), microvessel density (MVD), surface area (S(v)), and orientation. LMVD and IMVD were larger and MVD was lower in tumors than normal brain. S(v) in tumors overlapped(More)
We have previously demonstrated that receptors for hematopoietic growth factors, stem cell factor (SCF) and granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) are expressed in the neurons and the neural progenitor cells (NPCs) of the adult rat brain, and that systemic administration of SCF and G-CSF in the first week after induction of cortical brain ischemia (3(More)
Drug delivery to brain tumors has been a controversial subject. Some believe the blood-brain barrier is not important, while others believe it is the major obstacle in treatment and have devised innovative approaches to circumvent it. These approaches can be divided into two categories: those that attempt to increase drug delivery of intravascularly(More)
The rate at which water-soluble chemotherapeutic drugs enter brain tumors can be extremely variable. The ability to measure or predict the rate of drug entry may have an important role in treatment. We have developed a method that uses information from contrast-enhanced computed tomographic scans to measure quantitatively the rate of transcapillary(More)
A total of 72 RG-2 transplanted gliomas were studied in 58 rats at three time points (1, 30, 240 min) after intravenous injection of [125I]radioiodinated serum albumin ([125I]RISA). The animals were divided into two groups: a control group that received no treatment and a second group that was treated with five doses of 1.5 mg/kg of dexamethasone over 2.5(More)
A defective blood-brain barrier (BBB) has been postulated to be present in Alzheimer's disease (AD), which would allow circulating beta-amyloid peptide to enter the brain. The authors tested this hypothesis by studying BBB function in 14 individuals with probable AD and 9 elderly control subjects. A computed tomographic method was used to measure(More)
We evaluated the delivery of 14C-cytosine arabinoside (AraC) to rat brain by: 1) intravenous (IV) bolus, by 2) intrathecal (IT) and 3) intraventricular (IVT) infusion, and by 4) convection-enhanced delivery (CED) into the caudate nucleus. Plasma and brain AraC metabolites were measured with HPLC, and distribution and concentration of 14C-AraC in brain(More)
We used double-label quantitative autoradiography to study blood flow (with [131I]iodoantipyrine) and blood-to-tissue transport (with [14C]-alpha-aminoisobutyric acid) in 20 TE-671 medulloblastomas xenotransplanted into nude rats. Microscopically, two distinct patterns of tumor growth were observed: (a) a solid tumor mass; and (b) a tumor in which nearly(More)