Learn More
The Plasmodium falciparum proteins serine repeat antigen (SERA) and serine repeat protein homologue (SERPH) have similarity in sequence with cysteine proteases in a well-conserved protease domain. We identified three SERA homologues from the murine malaria parasite Plasmodium vinckei and evaluated immune responses to the protease domains of these proteins.(More)
C3d can function as a molecular adjuvant by binding CD21 and thereby enhancing B cell activation and humoral immune responses. However, recent studies suggest both positive and negative roles for C3d and the CD19/CD21 signaling complex in regulating humoral immunity. To address whether signaling through the CD19/CD21 complex can negatively regulate B cell(More)
Antibodies to capsular polysaccharide (PS) are protective against systemic infection by Streptococcus pneumoniae, but the large number of pneumococcal serogroups and the age-related immunogenicity of pure PS limit the utility of PS-based vaccines. In contrast, cell wall-associated proteins from different capsular serotypes can be cross-reactive and(More)
Immunization of mice with pneumococcal surface adhesin A (PsaA) emulsified in complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) provides protection against systemic infection with Streptococcus pneumoniae. Because the use of CFA is not acceptable in humans, we sought to develop alternative means of enhancing the immunogenicity of protein antigens of potential use in(More)
B lymphocyte stimulator (BLyS) is a member of the tumor necrosis factor superfamily of ligands that mediates its action through three known receptors. BLyS has been shown to enhance the production of antibodies against heterologous antigens when present at elevated concentrations, supporting an immunostimulatory role for BLyS in vivo. We constructed a(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that the covalent modification of target protein and polysaccharide antigens with the activated complement product C3d results in dramatically enhanced immunogenicity of the target antigens. In this paper, we describe our attempts to enhance the immunogenicity of the non-toxic B fragment of diphtheria toxin (DT-B) by(More)
Proteases appear to be required for critical events in the erythrocytic life cycle of malaria parasites, including the rupture of erythrocytes by mature schizonts and the subsequent invasion of erythrocytes by daughter merozoites [1,2]. This conclusion is supported by studies showing that parasite rupture and invasion of erythrocytes are inhibited by serine(More)
The Plasmodium falciparum serine repeat antigen (SERA) and serine repeat protein homologue (SERPH) contain highly conserved domains that appear to encode cysteine proteases or related proteins. Humoral immune responses against the protease domains of SERA and SERPH were evaluated. Malaria-immune Africans, but not nonimmune controls, demonstrated potent(More)
The heat shock (stress) protein HSP70 has been shown to be a potent stimulator of cellular immune responses. In order to determine whether HSP70 has the ability to stimulate antibody responses, we constructed and expressed fusion proteins consisting of murine HSP70 or murine interleukin (IL)-4 covalently linked to a pneumococcal cell wall-associated protein(More)
  • 1