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To study the influence of chronologic age on treatment outcome in patients with advanced, diffuse large-cell (histiocytic) lymphoma (DHL), we reviewed the results of two recent Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG) clinical trials. From 1974 to 1982, members entered 307 eligible patients treated with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone(More)
As a means of assessing the importance of variation in treatment effect among patient subsets, we derived posterior distributions for subset-specific treatment effects. The effects are represented by combinations of terms for treatment and treatment-by-covariate interaction effects in familiar regression models. Exchange-ability among the interactions is a(More)
Determination of the characteristics of accelerated disease in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) helps in individual prognostication, and in the introduction and analysis of investigative approaches based on risk-benefit ratios. The outcome of 357 patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive CML was analysed from the time of development of suspected(More)
The pathogenesis, prognosis, and reversibility of renal failure were assessed in 494 consecutive, previously untreated patients with multiple myeloma. For patients with a similar extent of disease, the presence or degree of azotemia did not adversely affect prognosis. Hypercalcemia and/or Bence Jones proteinuria explained the renal failure in 97% of(More)
The pharmacokinetic values of 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine (ara-C) in plasma and its active metabolite 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine 5'-triphosphate (ara-CTP) in circulating blast cells were studied in 11 patients with acute leukemia. ara-C was administered as a 2-h infusion (3 g/m2) followed in 12 to 24 h by a continuous infusion for 4 days in 10(More)
One hundred eligible patients with inoperable, locally advanced or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck region following prior therapy were randomized to receive im methotrexate (50 patients) or iv cisplatin (50 patients). Methotrexate produced a complete plus partial response rate of 16.0% and cisplatin produced a partial response rate(More)
Subset analysis is the examination of treatment comparisons within groups of patients with restricted levels of patient characteristics. Such analyses are vulnerable to multiplicity effects. We examine the problem in the context of a proportional hazards model with terms for treatment, each of several dichotomous covariates representing the patient(More)
Prognostic factors were assessed in 35 consecutive, asymptomatic patients with multiple myeloma. The presence of any lytic bone lesion or a serum myeloma protein concentration of at least 3.0 g/dL was followed by early disease progression and the need for chemotherapy within two years. Such patients require frequent monitoring of electrophoretic data. In(More)
Thirty-two second malignancies (21 acute leukemias and 11 solid tumors) were identified among 659 patients with all stages of Hodgkin's disease treated by members of the Southwest Oncology Group. There were no leukemias and one solid tumor among 95 patients treated with radiotherapy alone. The actuarial risk of developing acute leukemia at 7 years was 6.2%(More)
Flow cytometric studies of bone marrow DNA and RNA content were conducted in 71 previously untreated patients with multiple myeloma. There was a progressive increase in response rate with rising plasma cell RNA content. The DNA-derived ploidy level also affected chemotherapy sensitivity: only one of 11 patients with either hypodiploidy or biclonal DNA(More)