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OBJECTIVE Tumours of the choroid plexus are rare tumours of neuro-ectodermal origin, accounting for less than 1% of all intracranial tumours. Most cases present in children less than 2 years of age. While choroid plexus carcinomas (CPC) are reported to have an extremely poor prognosis, choroid plexus papillomas (CPP) are generally regarded as benign tumours(More)
OBJECTIVE The beaten copper appearance of the cranium, as well as other cranial radiographic and computed tomographic findings in children with craniosynostosis, is often interpreted by clinicians as evidence of elevated intracranial pressure (ICP). However, a correlation between radiological findings and ICP measurements has not been previously(More)
OBJECT In this study the authors investigated whether patterns of intracranial venous drainage in children with complex craniosynostosis associated with raised intracranial pressure (ICP) were abnormal and, thus, could support the theory that venous hypertension is a major contributor to raised ICP that can lead to impaired visual function or even blindness(More)
AIMS To evaluate the predictive value of symptoms, signs, and radiographic findings accompanying presumed ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt malfunction, by comparing presentation with operative findings and subsequent clinical course. METHODS Prospective study of all 53 patient referrals to a paediatric neurosurgical centre between April and November 1999(More)
BACKGROUND The irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) may lead to considerable impairment of health-related quality of life and high health care costs. It is not clear whether these poor outcomes directly result from severe bowel symptoms or reflect a coexisting psychiatric disorder. OBJECTIVE To determine whether bowel symptom severity and psychological symptoms(More)
The occurrence and extent of herniation of the hindbrain has been evaluated in a population of children with craniosynostosis by means of magnetic resonance imaging of the craniocervical junction. The role of intracranial pressure (ICP), posterior fossa size and hydrocephalus in the development of this deformity has also been assessed. Magnetic resonance(More)
In a multicenter study of patients with painful functional bowel disorders (FBD), we compared the demographic, health status, and diagnostic features of patients with FBD and developed a functional bowel disorder severity index (FBDSI) for research and clinical care. Two hundred seventy patients with FBD in the United States, England, and Canada were(More)
Interleukin-1 beta, interleukin-2, tumour necrosis factor alpha, and the interferons, alfa and gamma, were measured concurrently in synovial fluid samples from 68 patients with rheumatic diseases. Mean interleukin-1 beta concentrations (130.3 (SD 22) pg/ml) were higher in synovial fluids from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) than in those from(More)