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Long-chain fatty acids are the primary source of energy production in the heart. Carnitine palmitoyltransferase I (CPT-I) catalyzes the first reaction in the transport of long-chain fatty acids from the cytoplasm to the mitochondrion, a rate-limiting step in beta-oxidation. In this study, we report the functional expression of the human heart/skeletal(More)
We have recently shown by deletion mutation analysis that the conserved first 18 N-terminal amino acid residues of rat liver carnitine palmitoyltransferase I (L-CPTI) are essential for malonyl-CoA inhibition and binding (Shi, J., Zhu, H., Arvidson, D. N. , Cregg, J. M., and Woldegiorgis, G. (1998) Biochemistry 37, 11033-11038). To identify specific(More)
The muscle isoform of carnitine palmitoyltransferase I (M-CPTI) is 30- to 100-fold more sensitive to malonyl CoA inhibition than the liver isoform (L-CPTI). We have previously shown that deletion of the first 28 N-terminal amino acid residues in M-CPTI abolished malonyl CoA inhibition and high-affinity binding [Biochemistry 39 (2000) 712-717]. To determine(More)
We have analyzed the sequence-specific interaction between the Escherichia coli tryptophan (Trp) repressor and its operator using challenge phage vectors. These phages, derivatives of Salmonella phage P22 that have substitutions of synthetic, symmetric trp operators for the P22 mnt operator, provide a genetic assay for DNA binding in vivo. Phages carrying(More)
Heart/skeletal muscle carnitine palmitoyltransferase I (M-CPTI) is 30-100-fold more sensitive to malonyl CoA inhibition than the liver isoform (L-CPTI). To determine the role of the N-terminal region of human heart M-CPTI on malonyl CoA sensitivity and binding, a series of deletion mutations were constructed ranging in size from 18 to 83 N-terminal(More)
Site-directed mutagenesis was used to construct mutant Trp repressors with each of the 38 possible single amino acid changes of the first 2 amino acid residues (Ile79 and Ala80) in the second "recognition" alpha-helix of the helix-turn-helix DNA-binding motif. Eight of these mutant repressors with Ile79 and Ala80 changes are more active than the wild-type(More)
Mitochondrial carnitine palmitoyltransferases I and II (CPTI and CPTII), together with the carnitine carrier, transport long-chain fatty acyl-CoA from the cytosol to the mitochondrial matrix for beta-oxidation. Recent progress in the expression of CPTI and CPTII cDNA clones in Pichia pastoris, a yeast with no endogenous CPT activity, has greatly facilitated(More)
A single-base deletion within the protein-coding region of the adenovirus type 5 early region 1A (E1A) genes, 399 bases downstream from the transcription start site, depresses transcription to 2% of the wild-type rate. Complementation studies demonstrated that this was due to two effects of the mutation: first, inactivation of an E1A protein, causing a(More)
Enolases are generally thought of as cytoplasmic enzymes involved in glycolysis and gluconeogenesis. However, several bacteria have active forms of enolase associated with the cell surface and these proteins are utilized for functions other than central metabolism. Recently, a surface-associated protein produced by Lactobacillus gasseri ATCC 33323 with(More)
The rate-limiting step in beta oxidation is the conversion of long-chain acyl-CoA to acylcarnitine, a reaction catalyzed by the outer mitochondrial membrane enzyme carnitine palmitoyltransferase I (CPTI) and inhibited by malonyl-CoA. The acylcarnitine is then translocated across the inner mitochondrial membrane by the carnitine/acylcarnitine translocase and(More)