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Long-chain fatty acids are the primary source of energy production in the heart. Carnitine palmitoyltransferase I (CPT-I) catalyzes the first reaction in the transport of long-chain fatty acids from the cytoplasm to the mitochondrion, a rate-limiting step in beta-oxidation. In this study, we report the functional expression of the human heart/skeletal(More)
Heart/skeletal muscle carnitine palmitoyltransferase I (M-CPTI) is 30-100-fold more sensitive to malonyl CoA inhibition than the liver isoform (L-CPTI). To determine the role of the N-terminal region of human heart M-CPTI on malonyl CoA sensitivity and binding, a series of deletion mutations were constructed ranging in size from 18 to 83 N-terminal(More)
The rate-limiting step in beta oxidation is the conversion of long-chain acyl-CoA to acylcarnitine, a reaction catalyzed by the outer mitochondrial membrane enzyme carnitine palmitoyltransferase I (CPTI) and inhibited by malonyl-CoA. The acylcarnitine is then translocated across the inner mitochondrial membrane by the carnitine/acylcarnitine translocase and(More)
To assess the role of the 130 N-terminal amino acid residues of rat liver carnitine palmitoyltransferase I (L-CPTI) on malonyl-CoA sensitivity and binding, we constructed a series of mutants with deletions of the 18, 35, 52, 73, 83, or 129 most N-terminal amino acid residues. The deletion mutants were expressed in the yeast Pichia pastoris. We determined(More)
Mitochondrial carnitine palmitoyltransferases I and II (CPTI and CPTII), together with the carnitine carrier, transport long-chain fatty acyl-CoA from the cytosol to the mitochondrial matrix for beta-oxidation. Recent progress in the expression of CPTI and CPTII cDNA clones in Pichia pastoris, a yeast with no endogenous CPT activity, has greatly facilitated(More)
We have examined the interaction of the Escherichia coli trp aporepressor with its ligand, L-tryptophan, using both equilibrium dialysis and flow dialysis methods. Results obtained by the two procedures were equivalent and indicate that the trp aporepressor binds L-tryptophan with an equilibrium dissociation constant (Kd) of 40 microM at 25 degrees C under(More)
Enolases are generally thought of as cytoplasmic enzymes involved in glycolysis and gluconeogenesis. However, several bacteria have active forms of enolase associated with the cell surface and these proteins are utilized for functions other than central metabolism. Recently, a surface-associated protein produced by Lactobacillus gasseri ATCC 33323 with(More)
We have recently shown by deletion mutation analysis that the conserved first 18 N-terminal amino acid residues of rat liver carnitine palmitoyltransferase I (L-CPTI) are essential for malonyl-CoA inhibition and binding (Shi, J., Zhu, H., Arvidson, D. N. , Cregg, J. M., and Woldegiorgis, G. (1998) Biochemistry 37, 11033-11038). To identify specific(More)
We have analyzed the sequence-specific interaction between the Escherichia coli tryptophan (Trp) repressor and its operator using challenge phage vectors. These phages, derivatives of Salmonella phage P22 that have substitutions of synthetic, symmetric trp operators for the P22 mnt operator, provide a genetic assay for DNA binding in vivo. Phages carrying(More)
The crystal structure of the purine repressor mutant L54M bound to hypoxanthine and to the purF operator provides a stereochemical understanding of the high DNA affinity of this hinge helix mutant. Comparison of the PurR L54M-DNA complex to that of the wild type PurR-DNA complex reveals that these purine repressors bind and kink DNA similarly despite(More)