Dennis Mulac

Learn More
Ergot alkaloids are secondary metabolites produced by fungi of the species Claviceps. Toxic effects after consumption of contaminated grains are described since mediaeval times. Of the more than 40 known ergot alkaloids six are found predominantly. These are ergotamine, ergocornine, ergocryptine, ergocristine, ergosine and ergometrine, along with their(More)
Shiga toxin (Stx)-mediated injury to vascular endothelial cells in the kidneys, brain and other organs underlies the pathogenesis of haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) caused by enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC). We present a direct and comprehensive comparison of cellular injury induced by the two major Stx types, Stx1 and Stx2, in human brain(More)
SCOPE Ergot alkaloids are secondary metabolites of Claviceps spp. and they have been in the focus of research for many years. Experiments focusing on ergotamine as a former migraine drug referring to the ability to reach the brain revealed controversial results. The question to which extent ergot alkaloids are able to cross the blood-brain barrier is still(More)
T-2 toxin belongs to the large group of trichothecene mycotoxins synthesized by various Fusarium molds which can infect raw agriculture materials. Among the trichothecenes, T-2 toxin is one of the most potent mycotoxins and poses a potential health risk in human nutrition. Several acute and chronic toxic effects were observed in humans after consumption of(More)
The ergot alkaloids as secondary metabolites from fungi of the genus Claviceps are the focus of many investigations because of their pharmacological and toxicological properties. The main effects of ergot alkaloids are referred to an interaction with several receptor systems in the human body. It is well-known that ergot alkaloids are able to isomerize(More)
Ergot alkaloids are known toxic secondary metabolites of the fungus Claviceps purpurea occurring in various grains, especially rye products. The liver is responsible for converting the ergot alkaloids into metabolites; however, the toxic impact of these end products of metabolism is still unknown. The aim of this study was to analyze the metabolism of ergot(More)
The behavior of nanosized drug carrier systems under cell culture conditions and therefore also the destiny in the body are highly influenced by the protein corona, which is formed upon entering a biological environment. Some of the adsorbed proteins, named opsonins, lead to a shortened plasma circulation half-life of the nanoparticles. Others are(More)
The stability of T-2 toxin under the conditions of baking or cooking was investigated using heating experiments with the model substances alpha-d-glucose, alpha-d-methyl-glucopyranosid, N-alpha-acetyl-l-lysine methyl ester, and N-alpha-acetyl-cysteine methyl ester. The reaction residue was screened for degradation products using gas chromatography-mass(More)
Nanoparticles composed of poly(DL-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) represent promising colloidal drug carriers for improved drug targeting. Although most research activities are focused on intravenous application of these carriers the peroral administration is described to improve bioavailability of poorly soluble drugs. Based on these insights the manuscript(More)
In this study, the cellular uptake of the second generation photosensitizer 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(3-hydroxyphenyl)porphyrin (mTHPP) was investigated using laser ablation coupled to inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) at a spatial resolution of 10 μm. To achieve high sensitivity, the photosensitizer was tagged with palladium. As a tumor(More)