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Lactate metabolism was studied in six normal males using a primed continuous infusion of lactate tracer during continuous graded supine cycle ergometer exercise. Subjects exercised at 49, 98, 147, and 196 W for 6 min at each work load. Blood was sampled from the brachial artery, the iliac vein, and the brachial vein. Arteriovenous differences were(More)
To investigate the relationships between oxygen consumption (VO2) and the rates of systemic lactate appearance (Ra) and disappearance (Rd), six healthy males were studied at rest and during continuous graded exercise using a primed continuous infusion of lactate tracer. Subjects exercised for 6 min at 300, 600, 900, and 1,200 kg . m . min-1.(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with cryptogenic stroke, transcatheter (TC) closure of a patent foramen ovale (PFO) has not been shown to better prevent recurrent vascular events than medical therapy. However, randomized controlled trials (RCT) to date have included few vascular events, and lack of power has been raised as an important concern. OBJECTIVE To(More)
Glucose is an important substrate for myocardial metabolism. This study was designed to determine the effect of circulating metabolic substrates on myocardial glucose extraction and to determine the metabolic fate of glucose in normal human myocardium. Coronary sinus and arterial catheters were placed in 23 healthy male volunteers. [6-14C]Glucose was(More)
Previous studies have indicated that mice which differ in their acute susceptibility to responses mediated by the Ah receptor have a pattern of suppression of the antibody response which is consistent with a role by the putative dioxin receptor. The objective of the present investigation was to compare the TCDD-induced suppression of the antibody response(More)
To evaluate changes in myocardial energetics and systemic and cardiac sympathetic activity associated with improved left ventricular function after MDL 17043, a new inotropic vasodilator agent, systemic and coronary hemodynamics and myocardial catecholamine balance were determined in 17 patients with severe heart failure. After the administration of MDL(More)
2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, more popularly called dioxin or TCDD and referred to in this review as 2,3,7,8-TCDD, is considered the prototype of the polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDD). The PCDD are true contaminants and are formed primarily as byproducts in the manufacture of materials requiring the use of chlorinated phenols and during the(More)
Humoral immune responses to either T-independent or T-dependent antigens have previously been shown to be suppressed by the halogenated aromatic hydrocarbon environmental contaminant 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) through direct action on B-lymphocytes. To better understand the molecular nature of the TCDD-induced suppression of B-cell(More)
Various immunological assays have been applied by our laboratory in an attempt to assess the role of the T-cell in the TCDD-induced suppression of the antibody response by murine B6C3F1 splenic lymphocytes. Animals were treated in vivo (via gavage) with 1.0 microgram/kg TCDD in corn oil for 5 days before in vitro analysis of splenocyte immunocompetence and(More)