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In this study, we have investigated the contribution of oligodendrocytic connexin47 (Cx47) and astrocytic Cx30 to panglial gap junctional networks as well as myelin maintenance and function by deletion of both connexin coding DNAs in mice. Biocytin injections revealed complete disruption of oligodendrocyte-to-astrocyte coupling in the white matter of 10- to(More)
The physiological mechanism responsible for cholecystokinin (CCK)-induced gallbladder (GB) contraction is unclear. We investigated the relative roles of direct muscle stimulation and neural activation at physiological and supraphysiological levels of CCK-octapeptide (CCK-8) using an in vivo guinea pig model. GB pressure was measured by a pressure transducer(More)
Gap junction channels are intercellular conduits that allow diffusional exchange of ions, second messengers, and metabolites. Human oligodendrocytes express the gap junction protein connexin47 (Cx47), which is encoded by the GJC2 gene. The autosomal recessive mutation hCx47M283T causes Pelizaeus-Merzbacher-like disease 1 (PMLD1), a progressive(More)
Expression of connexin26 (Cx26), Cx30 and Cx43 in astrocytes and expression of Cx29, Cx32 and Cx47 in oligodendrocytes of adult rodent brain has been well documented, as has the interdependence of connexin expression patterns of macroglial cells in Cx32- and Cx47-knockout mice. To investigate this interdependence further, we examined immunofluorescence(More)
Panglial networks are essential for normal physiology in the CNS, and the function of distinct connexins participating in these networks is not well understood. We generated Connexin32 (Cx32)-deficient mice with additional deletion of astrocytic Cx43 to explore the role of both connexins in panglial networks. Cx43/Cx32 double knock-out (dKO) mice revealed(More)
Previous studies have shown that trypsin and chymotrypsin in the duodenum exert a negative-feedback regulation on pancreatic enzyme secretion in the rat. The mechanism responsible for this physiological phenomenon is unknown. By use of a specific and sensitive bioassay based on amylase release from isolated pancreatic acini, the role of cholecystokinin in(More)
We have recently demonstrated that intraduodenal perfusion of trypsin inhibits phenylalanine-stimulated pancreatic enzyme secretion by suppression of release of cholecystokinin (CCK). It is not known whether trypsin in the duodenum inhibits pancreatic secretion stimulated by a cholinergic mechanism. To investigate this question gastrointestinal intubation(More)
Chornic exogenous administration of cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK8) to rats led to a reduced sensitivity of pancreatic acinar cells to both CCK8 and carbachol stimulation without changes in affinity or number of CCK or muscarinic receptors. In addition, repeated feeding of camostate, a synthetic protease inhibitor which stimulates endogenous CCK release,(More)
The subcellular distribution of the two isozymes of 5 alpha-reductase has been controversial. To resolve this issue which could provide clues about the respective functions of the two isozymes, two antisera were generated, one which was specific for the Type 1 5 alpha-reductase and one which recognized both isozymes. In COS cells transfected separately with(More)
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