Dennis J. Zondervan

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Performance-Based Navigation (PBN) serves as a cornerstone for transforming the United States (US) National Airspace System (NAS) from a system that primarily relies on ground-based navigation and surveillance to a satellite-based system. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has been leveraging PBN capabilities in the design of advanced arrival and(More)
The advent of radar surveillance over half a century ago enabled numerous Air Traffic Control (ATC) standards that continue to be in use today to safely separate aircraft. In the case of departure operations, the discrete increase of spacing requirements that applies when transitioning from terminal to en route control hampers Next Generation Air(More)
The initial spacing applied between departing aircraft is a major factor affecting the safety and efficiency of departure operations at an airport. When departure operations are conducted under Instrument Flight Rules (IFR), successive in-trail departures must be provided a minimum of 3 nautical miles (NM) Radar Separation unless visual separation is(More)
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has committed to implementing Area Navigation (RNAV) procedures at airports throughout the National Airspace System (NAS). Delta Airlines (DAL) and air traffic controllers from the Atlanta Terminal Radar Approach Control (TRACON) (A80) facility have collaborated to design RNAV Visual Flight Procedures (RVFPs) at(More)
Performance-Based Navigation (PBN) represents a cornerstone of the Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen). Improvements in aircraft navigation precision associated with PBN operations pave the way for the development of advanced spacing concepts that evolve currently applicable separation standards and(More)
In 2014, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) prioritized Performance-Based Navigation (PBN) capabilities of its Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen) and committed to implementing high-priority innovations within the next three years. For 2015, the commitments include the issuance of a national standard for PBN-enabled Equivalent Lateral(More)
The initial spacing applied between departing aircraft is a major factor affecting the efficiency of departure operations at an airport. When departure operations are conducted under Instrument Flight Rules (IFR), successive in-trail departures must be provided a minimum of 3 nautical miles (NM) radar separation unless visual separation is applied. However,(More)
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