Dennis J Wright

Learn More
BACKGROUND Plasma HIV-1 RNA concentration has been the best predictor for risk of heterosexual and perinatal transmission. However, direct contact with HIV-1 present locally in the genital tract might be necessary for transmission. We aimed to assess the relation between HIV-1 shedding (RNA or culturable virus) in female genital secretions and other factors(More)
BACKGROUND As part of assessing the possibility of transfusion transmission of human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8 or Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus), HHV-8 seroprevalence was estimated among US blood donors, the performance of HHV-8 serologic tests was compared, and the presence of HHV-8 DNA was tested for in donated blood. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS(More)
To assess the relationship between maternal human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 RNA level, other important covariates, and mother-to-infant (vertical) transmission of HIV-1, third trimester repository specimens from 160 HIV-1-seropositive women enrolled in the Mothers and Infants Cohort Study between 1986 and 1991 were assayed in batch for HIV-1 RNA.(More)
CONTEXT Evaluating trends in blood donor infectious disease rates is essential for monitoring blood supply safety and donor screening effectiveness. OBJECTIVE To determine changes over time in blood donor population infection rates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and hepatitis B virus(More)
This randomized, open-labeled, multicenter study was designed to assess safety and pharmacokinetics of dronabinol (Marinol) tablets and megestrol acetate (Megace) micronized tablets, alone and in combination, for treatment of HIV wasting syndrome. Weight and quality of life data were also collected. Fifty-two patients (mean CD4+ count, 59 cells/microliter)(More)
AIMS To compare the effectiveness of three computerised systems that are currently used for assisting warfarin control in outpatients with the customary dosing method used by experienced medical staff. METHODS A pilot randomised study of three systems with a follow up independently randomised study of two of these was made on 186 patients receiving long(More)
To understand the impact of the menstrual cycle on immunologic parameters, we measured the level of cytokines and chemokines from plasma, cervicovaginal lavage (CVL), and saliva samples of 6 premenopausal women during the follicular and luteal phases of the ovulatory cycle. We demonstrate that the level of plasma interleukin-8 (IL-8) was 4-fold higher(More)
BACKGROUND Measurement of 25-hydroxyvitamin D2 and D3 (25-OH D2 and D3) is essential for investigating vitamin D deficiency. Competitive binding techniques are unable to distinguish between the 2 metabolites and suffer from interference from other hydroxy metabolites of vitamin D. METHODS We used isotope-dilution liquid chromatography-tandem mass(More)
SUMMARY Risk factors for male-to-female sexual transmission of human T-lymphotropic virus types I and II (HTLV-I/II) were investigated among HTLV-seropositive volunteer blood donors and their long-term (> or = 6 month) sex partners. Direction of transmission in concordantly seropositive pairs was assessed by analyzing risk factors for HTLV infection. Donors(More)