Dennis J. O’callaghan

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This study examined the genetic complexity of three equine herpesvirus 1 (EHV-1) defective interfering particles (DIP) and found the DIP genomes to range from 5.9 kbp to 7.3 kbp in total size. Each DIP contains an identical 5′ end (∼1.9 kb) that harbors UL3 and UL4 genes that are 100% identical to those of the infectious virus. DIP2 and DIP3 contain a(More)
The sole immediate-early (IE) gene of equine herpesvirus 1 (EHV-1) encodes a major regulatory protein of 1487 amino acids (aa) capable of modulating gene expression from both early and late promoters and also of trans-repressing its own promoter. Using a specially designed recombination system and a library of IE linker-insertion, deletion, point, and(More)
Introduction Imbalance in cellular energetics has been suggested to be an important mechanism for organ failure in sepsis and septic shock. We hypothesized that such energy imbalance would either be caused by metabolic changes leading to decreased energy production or by increased energy consumption. Thus, we set out to investigate if mitochondrial(More)
Serial, high multiplicity passage of equine herpesvirus 1 (EHV-1) leads to the generation of defective interfering particles (DIP). EHV-1 DIP inhibit and interfere with the replication of standard EHV-1, establishing a state of persistent infection. These DIP package severely truncated and rearranged forms of the standard viral genome. Contained within the(More)
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