Dennis J. Gray

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Embryogenic suspensions of grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) were initiated from somatic embryos of `Thompson Seedless' and `Chardonnay'. Suspension cultures consisted of proembryonic masses (PEM) that proliferated without differentiation in a medium containing 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D). `Chardonnay' somatic embryos developed fully from PEMs(More)
Segments taken from the basal 15 to 20 millimeters of the two innermost leaves of an orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) genotype produced somatic (nonzygotic) embryos directly from mesophyll cells without an intervening callus when cultured on an agar medium with 30 micromolar 3,6-dichloro-o-anisic acid (dicamba). This demonstration of high-frequency(More)
Cisgenic engineering involves isolation and modification of genetic elements from the host genome, which are reinserted to develop plant varieties with improved characteristics. As a first step toward production of fungal-disease resistant cisgenic grapevines, the Vitis vinifera thaumatin-like protein (vvtl-1) gene was isolated from “Chardonnay” and(More)
A translational fusion between the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) and neomycin phosphotransferase (NPTH) genes was used to optimize parameters influencing Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of Vitis vinifera L. cv. Thompson Seedless. The corresponding bifunctional protein produced from this EGFP/NPTH fusion gene allowed for a single promoter(More)
Shoot apical meristem explants of Vitis vinifera “Thompson Seedless” were used for Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation. It was determined that the meristems had to be subjected to a dark growth phase then wounded to obtain transgenic plants. Morphological and histological studies illustrated the role of wounding to expose apical meristem cells for(More)
Novel bi-directional duplex promoters (BDDP) were constructed by placing two identical core promoters divergently on both upstream and downstream sides of their duplicated enhancer elements. Estimates of promoter function were obtained by creating versions of CaMV 35S and CsVMV BDDPs that contained reporter marker genes encoding β-glucuronidase (GUS) and(More)
Ontogeny of somatic embryos of grapevine (Vitis vinifera) produced from solid- and liquid-culture-derived proembryogenic masses (PEM) was compared using light and scanning electron microscopy. Somatic embryos produced from solid-medium-derived PEM (SPEM) had large cotyledons, little or no visible suspensor structure, and a relatively undeveloped concave(More)
 Proembryogenic masses of grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) `Chardonnay' (clone 02Ch) were exposed to the culture filtrate of Elsinoe ampelina (deBary) Shear, the causal agent of anthracnose disease. After four or five cycles of recurrent in-vitro selection with medium containing 40% fungal culture filtrate, putative resistant lines RC 1 and RC 2 respectively,(More)
Cotyledon expiants from immature embryos of five watermelon [Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.)Matsum. & Nakai] genotypes were incubated in the dark for three weeks on a modified MS medium containing B5 vitamins, 2,4-D (10, 20 or 40μM), 0.5 μM of either BA or TDZ, and 7 g·1-1 TC agar. Somatic embryos, some with well developed cotyledons, were observed on cotyledon(More)
  • D. J. Gray
  • In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology
  • 2007
Dormant grape somatic embryos from five genetically distinct culture lines were subjected either to dehydration or exogenous growth regulators (benzyladenine, gibberellin or abscisic acid). Of growth regulator treatments tested, benzyladenine resulted in the highest germination rate but postgermination growth was abnormal. Abscisic acid treatment resulted(More)