Dennis J Colussi

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Rare familial forms of Alzheimer's disease (AD) are thought to be caused by elevated proteolytic production of the Abeta42 peptide from the beta-amyloid-precursor protein (APP). Although the pathogenesis of the more common late-onset AD (LOAD) is not understood, BACE1, the protease that cleaves APP to generate the N terminus of Abeta42, is more active in(More)
Because one manifestation of diabetes is an enhancement of the lipolytic process, we evaluated the antilipolytic effects of adenosine A1 agonists in vitro and in vivo in streptozotocin (STZ)-treated diabetic rats. In vitro, we examined the responses to norepinephrine (NE) and adenosine deaminase (ADA), as well as several adenosine A1 agonists, in isolated(More)
beta-Site amyloid precursor protein (APP)-cleaving enzyme (BACE) 1 cleavage of amyloid precursor protein is an essential step in the generation of the potentially neurotoxic and amyloidogenic A beta 42 peptides in Alzheimer's disease. Although previous mouse studies have shown brain A beta lowering after BACE1 inhibition, extension of such studies to(More)
beta-Secretase inhibition offers an exciting opportunity for therapeutic intervention in the progression of Alzheimer's disease. A series of isonicotinamides derived from traditional aspartyl protease transition state isostere inhibitors has been optimized to yield low nanomolar inhibitors with sufficient penetration across the blood-brain barrier to(More)
We describe the discovery and optimization of tertiary carbinamine derived inhibitors of the enzyme beta-secretase (BACE-1). These novel non-transition-state-derived ligands incorporate a single primary amine to interact with the catalytic aspartates of the target enzyme. Optimization of this series provided inhibitors with intrinsic and functional potency(More)
We have compared two different methods of attenuating protein kinase C (PKC) activity in vascular smooth muscle. First, the effects of two purported PKC inhibitors, staurosporine (stauro) and H-7 [1-(5-isoquinolinesulfonyl)-2-methylpiperazine dihydrochloride], were examined on contractility of isolated, intact canine femoral artery. In arterial rings stauro(More)
Thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) is an important regulator of fibrinolysis, and inhibitors of this enzyme have potential use in antithrombotic and thrombolytic therapy. Appropriately substituted imidazole acetic acids such as 10j were found to be potent inhibitors of activated TAFI and selective versus the related carboxypeptidases CPA,(More)
Coagulation factor Xa is the sole enzyme responsible for activating the zymogen prothrombin to thrombin, resulting in fibrin generation, platelet activation, and subsequent thrombus formation. Our objective was to evaluate the antithrombotic efficacy of the novel factor Xa inhibitor, 2-(3-carbamimidoyl-benzyl)-3-[(3',(More)
Adenosine is known to produce cardiovascular effects such as bradycardia and hypotension via activation of myocardial (A1) and vascular (A2) receptors and antilipolytic effects through activation of adipocyte (A1) receptors. We established the cardiovascular and antilipolytic profile of the adenosine A1 agonist GR79236(More)
We have developed a novel series of pyrrolidine derived BACE-1 inhibitors. The potency of the weak initial lead structure was enhanced using library-based SAR methods. The series was then further advanced by rational design while maintaining a minimal ligand binding efficiency threshold. Ultimately, the co-crystal structure was obtained revealing that these(More)