Dennis J. Bobilya

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This research was conducted to measure the chronological changes in zinc concentrations of biopsied bone, hair, and plasma samples collected weekly during dietary zinc deprivation. Pigs 1-2 wk of age were fed a basal diet (< 1 microgram Zn/g) during a 1-wk depletion period and then assigned to one of three dietary regimens for 4 wk: a low-zinc diet (4(More)
The kinetics of zinc transport were examined by measuring the uptake of 65Zn into cultured endothelial cells. This served as a suitable model for characterizing the transport of zinc across a biological membrane (i.e., the plasma membrane). The transport process was saturable under physiological conditions, which indicates a facilitating transport(More)
Heat shock was imposed on an in vitro model of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) by submersion into prewarmed growth medium. Transendothelial electrical resistance (TEER) was used to assess the functional integrity of the endothelial barrier. Consequences of the heat shock were highly dependent upon the temperature and duration of exposure. Temperatures below(More)
Albumin has long been observed to have a marked influence on the delivery of zinc to cells, but the mechanism of the interaction remains elusive. We examined whether albumin facilitates the acquisition of zinc by endothelial cells. Cultures of endothelial cells were used to analyze binding and acquisition of zinc and albumin to test this interaction. Our(More)
Experimental results were obtained that demonstrate the importance of the relative concentrations of Zn ligands and their affinities for Zn to the rate of Zn transport across a biological membrane. The transport rate into cultured endothelial cells became saturated near a Zn concentration of 30 microM in the presence or absence of 14% serum. However, the(More)
There is need for a reliable index of zinc status in humans. Considering the importance of zinc in membrane function, activities of erythrocyte membrane enzymes have been measured in animals of low and normal zinc status as possible indices. Immature rats and neonatal pigs were fed low and adequate zinc diets; the latter was fed both ad libitum and(More)
A method for the isolation of porcine atrocytes as a simple extension of a previously described procedure for isolation of brain capillary endothelial cells from adolescent pigs [Methods Cell Sci. 17 (1995) 2] is described. The obtained astroglial culture purified through two passages and by the method of the selective detachment was validated by a phase(More)
Bovine pulmonary arterial endothelial cells (BPAEC) were grown on permeable polycarbonate membrane filters suspended between two compartments representing the blood vessel lumen and the interstitium. This in vitro model of an endothelium was subjected to a battery of tests to unravel the mechanisms of zinc transport from the blood into peripheral tissues.(More)
Bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells (BPAEC) were cultured in vitro under a variety of conditions to investigate how metallothionein (MT) might participate in zinc homeostasis. Experimental conditions included 10% serum to ensure that the in vitro environment would be a better reflection of the in vivo situation than with protein-free medium. MT was(More)
A blood-brain barrier (BBB) model composed of porcine brain capillary endothelial cells (BCEC) was exposed to a moderately excessive zinc environment (50 micromol/L Zn) in cell culture, and longitudinal measurements were made of zinc transport kinetics, ZnT-1 (SLC30A1) expression and changes in the protein concentration of metallothionein (MT), ZnT-1, ZnT-2(More)