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Thermolyzed casein is known to promote the growth of aberrant crypt foci (ACF) and colon cancer when it is fed to rats that have been initiated with azoxymethane. We speculated that the promotion was a consequence of increased colonic protein fermentation (i.e., that the thermolysis of the casein decreases its digestibility, increases the amount of protein(More)
We studied the effect of cooked food components on the promotion of microadenoma growth in the colons of mice and rats. CF1 mice and Fisher 344 rats were initiated with azoxymethane, with 152 mice receiving four weekly i.p. injections of 5 mg/kg, 59 rats receiving a single injection of 20 mg/kg, and 24 rats receiving 30 mg/kg. A week after the last(More)
BACKGROUND We have previously shown that thermolyzed protein (casein) cooked with fat in the diet of the rat promotes the growth of aberrant crypt foci (putative precursors of colon cancer) assessed at 100 days. PURPOSE To determine how thermolysis affects this promotion, we examined thermolysis conditions, quantity of thermolyzed protein in the diet, and(More)
The objective of the present study was to determine whether aberrant crypt foci (ACF) similar to those observed in the colons of experimental animals exposed to colon carcinogens could be identified and quantified in the human colon. Twenty-seven colon resections from patients affected by familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP, five cases), colorectal cancer(More)
We have previously shown that thermolyzed sucrose in the diet promotes the growth of aberrant crypt foci (ACF) in the rat. HPLC analysis of the light caramel colored product showed that it contained 1% 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furaldehyde (HMF), confirmed by mass and NMR spectroscopy. To determine whether HMF was responsible for the promotion of ACF by thermolyzed(More)
Thermally oxidized animal fat (beef tallow) was assessed for colon cancer-promoting and -initiating activity in F-344 rats and CF-1 mice with the use of the aberrant crypt focus (ACF) assay. In two promotion studies, extensively oxidized beef tallow (110 degrees C for 144-168 h, peroxide value approx 200 meq/kg, with > 80% loss of allylic and olefinic(More)
We have used the aberrant crypt focus (ACF) assay to test and develop hypotheses linking diet and colon cancer. The hypotheses were suggested by epidemiological studies that identified possible dietary factors associated with colorectal cancer risk. The ACF assay was used to quantitate the effect of the dietary factors on the initiation and growth of these(More)