Dennis H Evans

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August Krogh proposed that freshwater fishes (and other freshwater animals) maintain body NaCl homoeostasis by extracting these ions from the environment via separate Na(+) /NH(4)(+) and Cl(-) /HCO(3)(-) exchangers in the gill epithelium. Subsequent data from other laboratories suggested that Na(+) uptake was more probably coupled to H(+) secretion via a(More)
The gill epithelium is the site of gas exchange, ionic regulation, acid-base balance, and nitrogenous waste excretion by fishes. The last three processes are controlled by passive and active transport of various solutes across the epithelium. Various environmental pollutants (e.g., heavy metals, acid rain, and organic xenobiotics) have been found to affect(More)
The avidin-biotin peroxidase technique was used to determine the distribution of natriuretic peptides in the hearts and brains of the dogfish Squalus acanthias and the Atlantic hagfish Myxine glutinosa. Three antisera were used: one raised against porcine brain natriuretic peptide which cross-reacts with atrial natriuretic and C-type natriuretic peptides(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that the transport mechanisms for Na + and Cl~ uptake across freshwater fish gills (i.e. Na + /H + , Na + /NH 4 + and Cr/HCO 3 ~ exchange systems) also occur in the branchial epithelium of marine teleosts and elasmobranchs, despite the presumed NaCl load in these hypo-regulating fishes It was originally proposed (Evans,(More)
Wall clutter filters used in Doppler ultrasound systems give rise to a bias in the mean frequency estimation. This effect has been explored for two second order filters: the initialised infinite impulse response (IIR)-type filter, and the finite impulse response (FIR) echo-canceller filter. These are used in conjunction with two mean frequency estimation(More)
Endothelins (ETs) are potent vasoconstrictive peptides that are secreted by the vascular endothelium and other tissues in vertebrates. Previous studies have demonstrated that ETs are expressed in a variety of fish tissues and contract various blood vessels. In order to determine if receptors for ET are expressed in fish gill tissue, we examined the binding(More)
We have previously used immunohistochemistry to show that the brain of the hagfish, Myxine glutinosa, contains a rich distribution of natriuretic peptide-immunoreactive elements with the densest distribution occurring in the telencephalon and the diencephalon. In this study, the distribution of (125)I-rat ANP and (125)I-porcine CNP binding sites was(More)
In electron-transfer reactions accompanied by structural changes, the structural change can be concerted with electron transfer or can occur in a separate reaction either preceding or following the electron-transfer step. In this paper we discuss ways of distinguishing concerted reactions from the latter two-step type. Included are recent examples in which(More)
The electrochemical reduction of 9,10-dinitroanthracene, 1, and 3,6-dinitrodurene, 2, occurs with potential inversion. That is, the standard potential for formation of the anion radical is shifted in the negative direction from the standard potential for the anion radical/dianion couple. This behavior has been attributed to significant structural changes(More)