Dennis Girard

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Azithromycin (CP-62,993), a new acid-stable 15-membered-ring macrolide, was well absorbed following oral administration in mice, rats, dogs, and cynomolgus monkeys. This compound exhibited a uniformly long elimination half-life and was distributed exceptionally well into all tissues. This extravascular penetration of azithromycin was demonstrated by(More)
The MICs of trovafloxacin, ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin, and sparfloxacin at which 90% of isolates are inhibited for 55 isolates of pneumococci were 0.125, 1, 4, and 0.5 microgram/ml, respectively. Resistant mutants of two susceptible isolates were selected in a stepwise fashion on agar containing ciprofloxacin at 2 to 10 times the MIC. While no mutants were(More)
The pharmacokinetics of trovafloxacin [CP-99,219; 7-(3-azabicyclo[3.1.0]hexyl)-naphthyridone] were studied in rats, dogs, and monkeys following oral and intravenous administration. After intravenous dosing, the systemic clearances of trovafloxacin in rats, dogs, and monkeys were 12.5, 11.1, and 7.2 ml/min/kg of body weight, respectively, and the respective(More)
Infection models were used to clarify the roles of serum and extravascular concentrations in the in-vivo efficacy observed with azithromycin. In-vivo experiments were designed to give serum concentrations well below the MIC and tissue levels generally above the MIC at time of challenge and during the course of infection. The efficacy of azithromycin against(More)
OBJECTIVES As a result of the prolonged half-life and unique pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) characteristics of azithromycin, shorter dosing regimens are being evaluated for the treatment of community-acquired infections. To provide further support for a shorter dosing regimen, the efficacy of azithromycin was determined in preclinical infection(More)
The effects of shivering on hemodynamics and systemic oxygenation, as well as the effectiveness of therapeutic interventions in decreasing shivering and increasing mixed venous oxygen saturation, were studied. Thirty adult patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass with systemic hypothermia were observed for 1 1/2 to 5 hours postoperatively for signs of(More)
Measurement of killing kinetics of azithromycin against strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Klebsiella pneumoniae in vitro showed that it had a limited bactericidal activity (greater than 90% kill) for the first eight hours of incubation, but developed complete bactericidal activity (greater than 99.9% kill) by 24 h incubation. Since high and sustained(More)
The interesting in vitro antimicrobial activity and pharmacokinetics of the new quinolone trovafloxacin (CP-99,219) warranted further studies to determine its in vivo efficacy in models of infectious disease. The significance of the pharmacokinetic and in vitro antimicrobial profiles of trovafloxacin was shown through efficacy in a series of animal(More)
The possibility of augmentation of azithromycin delivery to infection loci was evaluated by the use of Staphylococcus aureus thigh infection models with CD-1 mice. The intramuscular infections that developed were characterized by rapid growth of bacteria and induction of a localized oedema that was assessed gravimetrically. Microscopic examination of(More)
The safety and efficacy of esmolol during high-dose fentanyl anesthesia were studied in 37 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The anesthetic management consisted of fentanyl 75 micrograms/kg, pancuronium 0.15 mg/kg, and O2. To assess the safety of esmolol, it was administered in a double-blind manner to 17 anesthetized patients(More)