Dennis G Willms

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We assessed the impact of three conditions on one-year smoking cessation rates. Physicians in 70 community general practices were randomly allocated by practice to one of three groups: In the usual care group, smoking patients were to receive the care they normally would receive. In the gum only group, physicians were asked to speak to patients about(More)
This paper presents the results of Phase II of the Ethnocultural Communities Facing AIDS Study, the sociocultural investigation of factors contributing to risk behaviour associated with HIV/AIDS in six ethnocultural communities in Canada in three urban sites. In Vancouver, the South Asian and Chinese communities were studied, the Horn of Africa and(More)
BACKGROUND Gay and lesbian physicians in training face considerable challenges as they become professionalized. Qualitative research is necessary to understand the social and cultural factors that influence their medical training. In this study we explored the significance of gay or lesbian identity on the experiences of medical training using naturalistic(More)
This qualitative study examines the AIDS service organization-volunteer relationship from the volunteer's point of view. Factors that led to a relationship with an AIDS service organization included personal values and individual characteristics and needs. Volunteers reported many rewards from the work itself and the responses of others. Volunteers also(More)
BACKGROUND The ability of many intensive care unit (ICU) technologies to prolong life has led to an outcomes-oriented approach to technology assessment, focusing on morbidity and mortality as clinically important end points. With advanced life support, however, the therapeutic goals sometimes shift from extending life to allowing life to end. The objective(More)
End-of-life decisions regarding the withdrawal and withholding of life supporting technology have become commonplace within intensive care units (ICUs). In this paper, we examine the dialogue between ICU team members and families regarding limitation of treatment as a therapeutic narrative--that is, as a story which frames therapeutic events as well as the(More)
The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the experiences, perceptions, and needs of youth with physical disabilities in transition from adolescence to adulthood. Purposeful sampling strategies were used to select 34 study participants who lived in three regions of south-central Ontario, Canada. Data collection methods were individual and focus(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether the provision of appropriate medication and comprehensive information before the ragweed pollen season enables patients to manage their hay fever successfully, achieving satisfactory symptom control and quality of life, to examine patient characteristics that may predict successful symptom management and to learn which(More)
The results are reported from a multicentered, randomized clinical trial of a physician-delivered smoking cessation intervention package. All physicians attended a four-hour training session during which the rationales for the different aspects of the intervention were discussed, including a detailed description of the proper use of nicotine-bearing chewing(More)
Canada's population is composed of heterogenous ethnocultural communities. There is a need for information and educational initiatives on HIV and AIDS directed specifically at these communities. For such interventions to be effective we must determine the existing personal and sociocultural factors related to HIV transmission. There has been little such(More)