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An improved energy confinement regime, I-mode is studied in Alcator C-Mod, a compact high-field divertor tokamak using Ion Cyclotron Range of Frequencies (ICRF) auxiliary heating. I-mode features an edge energy transport barrier without an accompanying particle barrier, leading to several performance benefits. H-mode energy confinement is obtained without(More)
High-pressure noble gas jet injection is a mitigation technique which potentially satisfies the requirements of fast response time and reliability, without degrading subsequent discharges. Previously reported gas jet experiments on DIII-D showed good success at reducing deleterious disruption effects. In this paper, results of recent gas jet disruption(More)
The magnitude of plasma contact with main-wall surfaces is examined on the DIII-D poloidal divertor tokamak. A " window-frame " technique has been developed for axisymmetric surfaces to provide measurements of total plasma flux (ions/s) to the walls, I wall. Despite the use of a separatrix-wall gap that is 2-3 times the radial e-folding length of the plasma(More)
The role of taxanes in the treatment of breast cancer is becoming increasingly important. In clinical practice, the taxanes are now standard therapy in both early-stage and metastatic breast cancer. Since the 1990s, multiple randomized clinical trials have been evaluating the efficacy of taxanes in the treatment of metastatic breast cancer. These trials(More)
Article is made available in accordance with the publisher's policy and may be subject to US copyright law. Please refer to the publisher's site for terms of use. The MIT Faculty has made this article openly available. Please share how this access benefits you. Your story matters. The goal of the Lower Hybrid Current Drive ͑LHCD͒ system on the Alcator C-Mod(More)
The work of the ITPA SOL/divertor group is reviewed and implications for ITER discussed. Studies of near SOL gradients have revealed a connection to underlying turbulence models. Analysis of a multi-machine database shows that parallel conduction gradients near the separatrix scale as major radius. New SOL measurements have implicated low-field side(More)
Growth of tungsten nano-tendrils (" fuzz ") has been observed for the first time in the divertor region of a high-power density tokamak experiment. After 14 consecutive helium L-mode discharges in Alcator C-Mod, the tip of a tungsten Langmuir probe at the outer strike point was fully covered with a layer of nano-tendrils. The depth of the W fuzz layer (600(More)
We assess key plasma surface interaction issues of an all-metal plasma facing component (PFC) system for ITER, in particular a tungsten divertor surface, and a beryllium or tungsten first wall. Such a system eliminates problems with carbon divertor erosion and T/C codeposition, and for an all-tungsten system would better extrapolate to post-ITER devices.(More)
High-pressure gas-jet injection of neon and argon is shown to be a simple and robust method to mitigate the deleterious effects of disruptions on the DIII-D tokamak. The gas jet penetrates to the central plasma at its sonic velocity. The deposited species dissipates >95% of the plasma by radiation and substantially reduces mechanical stresses on the vessel(More)