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A novel, retinoic acid-induced gene, GRP1-associated scaffold protein (GRASP), was isolated from P19 embryonal carcinoma cells using a subtractive screening strategy. GRASP was found to be highly expressed in brain and exhibited lower levels of expression in lung, heart, embryo, kidney, and ovary. The predicted amino acid sequence of GRASP is characterized(More)
Supernatants from vaccinia virus (VV)-infected CV-1 cells were examined and found to contain a 33 kd protein capable of binding murine interleukin-1 beta (mIL-1 beta). A VV open reading frame (ORF) that exhibits 30% amino acid identity to the type II IL-1 receptor was expressed in CV-1-EBNA cells and shown specifically to bind mIL-1 beta. A similar ORF from(More)
The DegP protein, a multifunctional chaperone and protease, is essential for clearance of denatured or aggregated proteins from the inner-membrane and periplasmic space in Escherichia coli. To date, four natural targets for DegP have been described: colicin A lysis protein, pilin subunits and MalS from E. coli, and high-molecular-weight adherence proteins(More)
BACKGROUND We report the first confirmed case of eczema vaccinatum in the United States related to smallpox vaccination since routine vaccination was discontinued in 1972. A 28-month-old child with refractory atopic dermatitis developed eczema vaccinatum after exposure to his father, a member of the US military who had recently received smallpox vaccine.(More)
To study posttranslational mechanisms for the control of nerve growth factor (NGF), we used a recombinant vaccinia virus vector to independently express the two major NGF transcripts in a variety of mammalian cell lines. The two major transcripts contain NGF (12.5 kilodaltons [kDa]) at the C-terminus and differ by alternative splicing of an N-terminal exon,(More)
To assess whether a fully functional VV ribonucleotide reductase enzyme is required during both in vitro and in vivo replication of VV, three mutant viruses were constructed by marker transfer techniques: M1 lambda, an M1 insertion mutant; TK-, an insertion mutant of the VV thymidine kinase (tk) gene; and M1 lambda/TK-, a double mutant. Extracts of cells(More)
Gel analysis of vaccinia virus particles purified by buoyant [correction of bouyant] density demonstrates a protein with an estimated molecular mass of 59 kDa, which is apparently restricted to the intracellular mature virion (IMV) form. Western blotting (immunoblotting) and immunoprecipitation procedures identify the protein as the vaccinia virus 4c(More)
Chlamydiae are obligate intracellular bacteria that replicate within a non-acidified vacuole called an inclusion. Chlamydia psittaci (strain GPIC) produces a 39 kDa protein (IncA) that is localized to the inclusion membrane. While IncA is present as a single 39 kDa species in purified reticulate bodies, two additional higher M(r) forms are found in C.(More)
Several arenaviruses, including Lassa virus (LASV), are causative agents of hemorrhagic fever, for which effective therapeutic options are lacking. The LASV envelope glycoprotein (GP) gene was used to generate lentiviral pseudotypes to identify small-molecule inhibitors of viral entry. A benzimidazole derivative with potent antiviral activity was identified(More)
The HtrA serine protease has been shown to be essential for bacterial virulence and for survival after exposure to many types of environmental and cellular stresses. A Listeria monocytogenes 10403S htrA mutant was found to be sensitive to oxidative and puromycin-induced stress at high temperatures, showed a reduced ability to form biofilms, and was(More)