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A novel, retinoic acid-induced gene, GRP1-associated scaffold protein (GRASP), was isolated from P19 embryonal carcinoma cells using a subtractive screening strategy. GRASP was found to be highly expressed in brain and exhibited lower levels of expression in lung, heart, embryo, kidney, and ovary. The predicted amino acid sequence of GRASP is characterized(More)
The DegP protein, a multifunctional chaperone and protease, is essential for clearance of denatured or aggregated proteins from the inner-membrane and periplasmic space in Escherichia coli. To date, four natural targets for DegP have been described: colicin A lysis protein, pilin subunits and MalS from E. coli, and high-molecular-weight adherence proteins(More)
Supernatants from vaccinia virus (VV)-infected CV-1 cells were examined and found to contain a 33 kd protein capable of binding murine interleukin-1 beta (mIL-1 beta). A VV open reading frame (ORF) that exhibits 30% amino acid identity to the type II IL-1 receptor was expressed in CV-1-EBNA cells and shown specifically to bind mIL-1 beta. A similar ORF from(More)
To study posttranslational mechanisms for the control of nerve growth factor (NGF), we used a recombinant vaccinia virus vector to independently express the two major NGF transcripts in a variety of mammalian cell lines. The two major transcripts contain NGF (12.5 kilodaltons [kDa]) at the C-terminus and differ by alternative splicing of an N-terminal exon,(More)
To assess whether a fully functional VV ribonucleotide reductase enzyme is required during both in vitro and in vivo replication of VV, three mutant viruses were constructed by marker transfer techniques: M1 lambda, an M1 insertion mutant; TK-, an insertion mutant of the VV thymidine kinase (tk) gene; and M1 lambda/TK-, a double mutant. Extracts of cells(More)
The HtrA serine protease has been shown to be essential for bacterial virulence and for survival after exposure to many types of environmental and cellular stresses. A Listeria monocytogenes 10403S htrA mutant was found to be sensitive to oxidative and puromycin-induced stress at high temperatures, showed a reduced ability to form biofilms, and was(More)
Chlamydiae are obligate intracellular bacteria that replicate within a non-acidified vacuole called an inclusion. Chlamydia psittaci (strain GPIC) produces a 39 kDa protein (IncA) that is localized to the inclusion membrane. While IncA is present as a single 39 kDa species in purified reticulate bodies, two additional higher M(r) forms are found in C.(More)
Vaccinia virus encodes at least eight proteins that incorporate label from tritiated palmitic acid when it is added to infected cell cultures. Three of these palmitylproteins are encoded by the A33R, B5R, and F13L open reading frames and migrate by gel electrophoresis with relative molecular masses of 23-28, 42, and 37 kDa, respectively. In this report we(More)
Previously we reported the optimization of antiviral scaffolds containing benzimidazole and related heterocycles possessing activity against a variety of arenaviruses. These series of compounds were discovered through an HTS campaign of a 400,000 small molecule library using lentivirus-based pseudotypes incorporated with the Lassa virus envelope(More)
ST-246 is a low-molecular-weight compound (molecular weight = 376), that is potent (concentration that inhibited virus replication by 50% = 0.010 microM), selective (concentration of compound that inhibited cell viability by 50% = >40 microM), and active against multiple orthopoxviruses, including vaccinia, monkeypox, camelpox, cowpox, ectromelia(More)