Dennis E. Chapman

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Trehalose is a nonreducing disaccharide of glucose commonly found at high concentrations in anhydrobiotic organisms. In the presence of trehalose, dry dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine (DPPC) had a transition temperature similar to that of the fully hydrated lipid, whereas DPPC dried without trehalose had a transition temperature about 30 degrees Kelvin(More)
The abuse of psychostimulants, such as methamphetamine (METH), can cause long-lasting deficits in the dopamine (DA) innervation of the striatum. Although the consequences of large DA depletions on basal ganglia function have been well characterized, less is known about the alterations associated with smaller depletions, such as those produced by high doses(More)
On heating pure, fully saturated 2,3-diacyl-DL-phosphatidyl-ethanolamines and 2,3-diacylphosphatidyl-cholines (lecithins) in water to the transition temperature at which large endothermic heat changes occur, they are observed, by light microscopy, to form myelin figures. This result is discussed in terms of the large difference in the transition temperature(More)
Raman spectroscopy has been applied to a model biomembrane structure in order to obtain information about phospholipid hydrocarbon chain ordering. The intensity of the 1130-cm-1 Raman line obtained from a dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) coarse aqueous dispersion has been measured as a function of temperature. The intensities of this line anther with(More)
The importance of nerve growth factor (NGF) for the development of sensory ganglia was investigated by injecting rat fetuses (16.50 days of gestation) with a single dose of anti-NGF antiserum. Four months later the treated animals showed a very large decrease in substance P- and somatostatin-like immunoreactivities in dorsal root ganglia and skin with a(More)
Infrared spectroscopy was used to investigate the changes in bands assigned to phospholipids and proteins in dehydrated and rehydrated sarcoplasmic reticulum. The changes in CH2 and CH3 stretching bands, amide bands, and phosphate stretching bands are similar to shifts in frequency seen for those bands in phospholipid and protein preparations during(More)
Benzene and several of its metabolites were investigated for dysmorphogenic and embryotoxic effects after direct exposures of cultured whole rat conceptuses. Benzene produced no statistically significant effects at concentrations up to 1.6 mM. Inclusion with 1.6 mM benzene of an hepatic xenobiotic-biotransforming system (S9) resulted in only minor decreases(More)