Dennis E. Burkett

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The relative contribution of the gut, liver, and lungs as sites of first-pass bioactivation (hydrolysis) of the orally administered ester prodrug, zofenopril calcium (SQ 26,991), to the active angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, SQ 26,333, was determined. With a five-way study design, two dogs each received a single 1.6-mg/kg dose of zofenopril(More)
Arterial blood pressure was measured noninvasively using Doppler ultrasound and an occluding cuff. The subjects were 28 domestic pigs (10-49 kg) anesthetized with pentobarbital sodium (25 mg/kg). Indirect pressure measurements were made with the Doppler unit placed over the radial or the ulnar artery proximal to the carpal joint. Comparison was made with(More)
Adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium channel (KATP) openers protect ischemic myocardium by direct protection of cardiac myocytes, which is thought to be a result of activation of mitochondrial KATP (mKATP). KATP is expressed in skeletal muscle, and the purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the mKATP opener BMS-191095 on infarct size in(More)
The purpose of the present study was to characterize the etiology of bilateral perinephritis hypertension in the non-human primate. Hypertension was induced in female cynomolgus (Macaca fascicularis) monkeys by wrapping both kidneys under sterile surgical procedures. Mean arterial pressure (MAP), plasma renin activity (PRA), plasma aldosterone concentration(More)
Echocardiographic imaging has become the primary tool to evaluate cardiac structure and function in human and veterinary medicine. The cynomolgus monkey (Macaca fascicularis) is a nonhuman primate species frequently used in biomedical research, particularly for the study of human cardiovascular disease and toxicology, yet echocardiographic reference ranges(More)
The interactions of the systemic adaptations during and after rapid ventricular pacing, a model of heart failure, were assessed in conscious, unstressed dogs. One week of ventricular tachycardia (260 beats/min) significantly reduced mean +/- SEM cardiac output (2.3 +/- 0.1 to 1.2 +/- 0.1 liter/min), mean arterial pressure (119 +/- 3 to 93 +/- 3 mm Hg),(More)
A chronic cerebrospinal fluid access system is described for use in the conscious sling-restrained dog. In a pilot study of ten dogs, a fenestrated barium-impregnated silastic catheter was surgically implanted in the subarachnoid space of the second cervical vertebra through a dorsal laminectomy. This fenestrated catheter was coupled to a subcutaneous(More)
The interactions of the systemic and myocardial adaptations during and after rapid ventricular pacing, a model of heart failure, were assessed in conscious, unstressed dogs. Ultrasonic probes and vascular catheters were surgically implanted into dogs for measurements of blood flows and pressures during 3 weeks of pacing and after 2 months of recovery. Three(More)