Dennis D. Wykoff

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The light-saturated rate of photosynthetic O2 evolution in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii declined by approximately 75% on a per-cell basis after 4 d of P starvation or 1 d of S starvation. Quantitation of the partial reactions of photosynthetic electron transport demonstrated that the light-saturated rate of photosystem (PS) I activity was unaffected by P or S(More)
Understanding the ways in which phosphorus metabolism is regulated in photosynthetic eukaryotes is critical for optimizing crop productivity and managing aquatic ecosystems in which phosphorus can be a major source of pollution. Here we describe a gene encoding a regulator of phosphorus metabolism, designated Psr1 (phosphorus starvation response), from a(More)
The regulation of transporters by nutrient-responsive signaling pathways allows cells to tailor nutrient uptake to environmental conditions. We investigated the role of feedback generated by transporter regulation in the budding yeast phosphate-responsive signal transduction (PHO) pathway. Cells starved for phosphate activate feedback loops that regulate(More)
Plants are continually subjected to ultraviolet-B (UV-B) irradiation (290 to 320 nanometers) as a component of sunlight, which induces a variety of types of damage to the plant DNA. Repair of the two major DNA photoproducts was analyzed in wild-type Arabidopsis thaliana and in a mutant derivative whose growth was sensitive to UV-B radiation. In wild-type(More)
A cell's ability to generate different responses to different levels of stimulus is an important component of an adaptive environmental response. Transcriptional responses are frequently controlled by transcription factors regulated by phosphorylation. We demonstrate that differential phosphorylation of the budding yeast transcription factor Pho4(More)
The identification of post-translational modifications to proteins is critical for understanding many important aspects of biology. Utilizing a collection of epitope-tagged yeast strains, we developed a novel approach to determine which proteins are modified by the small ubiquitin-related modifier (SUMO). We crossed traits useful for the detection of SUMO(More)
Comparative genomic analyses of Candida glabrata and Saccharomyces cerevisiae suggest many signal transduction pathways are highly conserved. Focusing on the phosphate signal transduction (PHO) pathway of C. glabrata, we demonstrate that components of the pathway are conserved and confirm the role of CgPHO81, CgPHO80, CgPHO4, and CgMSN5 in the PHO pathway(More)
Organisms exhibit a diverse set of responses when exposed to low-phosphate conditions. Some of these responses are specific for phosphorus limitation, including responses that enable cells to efficiently scavenge phosphate from internal and external stores via the production of high-affinity phosphate transporters and the synthesis of intracellular and(More)
The phosphate signal transduction (PHO) pathway, which regulates genes in response to phosphate starvation, is well defined in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We asked whether the PHO pathway was the same in the distantly related fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. We screened a deletion collection for mutants aberrant in phosphatase activity, which is(More)
P-starved plants scavenge inorganic phosphate (Pi) by developing elevated rates of Pi uptake, synthesizing extracellular phosphatases, and secreting organic acids. To elucidate mechanisms controlling these acclimation responses in photosynthetic organisms, we characterized the responses of the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii to P starvation and(More)