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Plant traits – the morphological, anatomical, physiological, biochemical and phenological characteristics of plants and their organs – determine how primary producers respond to environmental factors, affect other trophic levels, influence ecosystem processes and services and provide a link from species richness to ecosystem functional diversity. Trait data(More)
Terrestrial gross primary production (GPP) is the largest global CO(2) flux driving several ecosystem functions. We provide an observation-based estimate of this flux at 123 +/- 8 petagrams of carbon per year (Pg C year(-1)) using eddy covariance flux data and various diagnostic models. Tropical forests and savannahs account for 60%. GPP over 40% of the(More)
Eddy covariance flux tower sites are part of both the AmeriFlux and Fluxnet networks and are funded through a number of agencies, including the Depart-estimates are the worst, most likely the result of the relatively rapid onset of leaf-out. The results of this study indicate, however, that the current MODIS GPP algorithm shows reasonable spatial patterns(More)
Volcanic aerosols from the 1991 Mount Pinatubo eruption greatly increased diffuse radiation worldwide for the following 2 years. We estimated that this increase in diffuse radiation alone enhanced noontime photosynthesis of a deciduous forest by 23% in 1992 and 8% in 1993 under cloudless conditions. This finding indicates that the aerosol-induced increase(More)
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This study presents a new method of detecting individual treetops from lidar data and applies marker-controlled watershed segmentation into isolating individual trees in savanna woodland. The treetops were detected by searching local maxima in a canopy maxima model (CMM) with variable window sizes. Different from previous methods, the variable windows sizes(More)
We examined trends in accumulated winter chill across the fruit growing region of central California and its internal coastal valleys. We tested the hypothesis that global warming is in motion in California and is causing accumulated winter chill to decrease across the fruit and nut growing regions of California. The detection of potential trends in(More)
Recent projections of climatic change have focused a great deal of scientific and public attention on patterns of carbon (C) cycling as well as its controls, particularly the factors that determine whether an ecosystem is a net source or sink of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO 2). Net ecosystem production (NEP), a central concept in C-cycling research, has(More)
A modification to the relaxed eddy accumulation (REA) flux measurement technique is proposed which maximizes the scalar mixing ratio difference in updrafts and downdrafts. This technique was developed with the goal of measuring the stable isotope (13 C/ 12 C and 18 O/ 16 O) ratios of updraft and downdraft air and thus the net fluxes of 13 C 16 O 2 and 12 C(More)
Accurate monitoring of global scale changes in the ter-OVERVIEW OF GLOBAL TERRESTRIAL MONITORING AND VALIDATION restrial biosphere has become acutely important as the scope of human impacts on biological systems and atmo-The dynamics of the terrestrial biosphere are an integral spheric chemistry grows. For example, the Kyoto Proto-part of global change.(More)