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Framing Theory
■ Abstract We review the meaning of the concept of framing, approaches to studying framing, and the effects of framing on public opinion. After defining framing and framing effects, we articulate aExpand
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A Theory of Framing and Opinion Formation in Competitive Elite Environments
Public opinion often depends on how elites choose to frame issues. For example, citizens’ opinions about a Ku Klux Klan rally may depend on whether elites frame the event as a free-speech issue or aExpand
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Framing Public Opinion in Competitive Democracies
What is the effect of democratic competition on the power of elites to frame public opinion? We address this issue first by defining the range of competitive contexts that might surround any debateExpand
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Collective action and the civil rights movement
Collective Action and the Civil Rights Movement is a theoretical study of the dynamics of public-spirited collective action as well as a substantial study of the American civil rights movement andExpand
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Rational Lives: Norms and Values in Politics and Society
Although economic reasoning has infiltrated many fields in the social sciences, those who study value conflicts have resisted rational choice approaches to the subject. Instead, most contend thatExpand
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Dynamic Public Opinion: Communication Effects over Time
We develop an approach to studying public opinion that accounts for how people process competing messages received over the course of a political campaign or policy debate. Instead of focusing on theExpand
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When Self-Interest Matters
The relative influence of self-interest and values on policy preferences was assessed experimentally in a national survey that posed questions about three contemporary political issues—SocialExpand
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Racial Solidarity and Political Participation
Studies conducted in the 1960s and 1970s generally confirmed that racial group solidarity boosted rates of participation among African Americans. But since the 1980s, research has tended to concludeExpand
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How People Think, Reason, and Feel about Rights and Liberties
and enduring. Nevertheless, this does not compromise my intent in this essay to study the process by which people arrive at their opinions on these controversial matters. This content downloaded fromExpand
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Similarities and Differences Between Left-Wing and Right-Wing Radicals
Although some scholars have argued that authoritarianism is characteristic only of the right and not of the left, persuasive reasons exist for doubting this claim. Intuitive observation of left-wingExpand
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