Dennis C Thompson

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Gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) and connexin expression are frequently decreased in neoplasia and may contribute to defective growth control and loss of differentiated functions. GJIC, in E9 mouse lung carcinoma cells and WB-aB1 neoplastic rat liver epithelial cells, was elevated by forced expression of the gap junction proteins,(More)
In the current study we examined the effects of coadministration of a serotonin 5-HT1A antagonist, (+-)-1-(1H-indol-4-yloxy)-3-(cyclohexylamino)-2-propanol maleate (LY 206130), and a dual 5-HT and norepinephrine (NE) uptake inhibitor, duloxetine, on extracellular levels of NE, 5-HT, dopamine (DA), 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid, and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic(More)
In anesthetized, artificially ventilated guinea pigs, intranasal and intravenous administration of albuterol produced the same maximum degree of protection against bronchoconstriction induced by bilateral electrical stimulation of the cervical vagal nerves. Intranasal albuterol showed a slower onset of action than intravenous albuterol and exhibited(More)
central airways (glottis to the anterior segmental bronchi) account for 14 to 15 percent of the transfers, and the peripheral units (subsegmental bronchi to alveoli) account for the remainder. The water losses within the intrathoracic airways at the end of 4 minutes of exercise are quite small, and average only a few p.1 per liter, and even without(More)
Leukotriene D4 (LTD4, 0.1–0.5 μg/kg, i.v.), administered 20 s before histamine (H, 1–4 μg/kg, i.v.), enhanced the bronchoconstrictor response to H by between 105 and 168%. Bilateral vagotomy, atropine or indomethacin each attenuated, whereas hexamethonium completely prevented, this enhancement. LTD4 failed to enhance the bronchoconstrictor effects of either(More)
Acetylcholine (ACh) acts on the pulmonary vasculature to evoke vasodilation and, in some species, vasoconstriction. The actions of ACh are terminated by its rapid hydrolysis by cholinesterases. Aside from histochemical localization studies, there is little information on cholinesterase enzymes in pulmonary blood vessels. The present study addresses the(More)
Cytomix, a mixture of interferon-gamma, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and interleukin-1beta, induces nitric oxide (NO) production in lung epithelial cell lines. It is not known whether neoplastic transformation alters a cell's ability to form NO in response to cytokines. The present study investigated NO formation in two murine lines of immortalized "normal"(More)
The airways of the guinea pig are innervated by four types of autonomic nerves: cholinergic excitatory, adrenergic inhibitory, nonadrenergic noncholinergic (NANC) excitatory, and NANC inhibitory. Tachykinins (neurokinins A and B and substance P) are believed to mediate NANC excitatory responses, and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) has been proposed as(More)
It has been demonstrated that synthesis of serotonin (5-HT) is dependent on the availability of precursor, as well as the activity of 5-HT neurons. In the present series of experiments, we examined the effects of precursor (5-HTP) loading on extracellular hypothalamic 5-HT after administration of fluoxetine alone or in combination with WAY 100635, a(More)