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The modification of surface properties of biodegradable poly(lactide-co- glycolide) (PLGA) and model polystyrene nanospheres by poly(lactide)-poly(ethylene glycol) (PLA:PEG) copolymers has been assessed using a range of in vitro characterization methods followed by in vivo studies of the nanospheres biodistribution after intravenous injection into rats.(More)
We have developed an injection technique which simplifies the use of fluorescent tracers in investigating the projections of peripheral nerves both in rats and pigeons, and avoids the difficulties experienced with the cut nerve technique. The tracers are injected into the peripheral nerve and transported to cell bodies in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG). By a(More)
We have investigated the possibility of somato-visceral convergence in thoracic sensory dorsal root ganglia (DRG) of cats, using the technique of double-labelling with fluorescent tracers. Combinations of propidium iodide (PI) and Fast Blue (FB) or bisbenzimide (Bb) were found to be the most appropriate. FB or Bb were injected into the splanchnic nerve, and(More)
Sterically stabilized polyethylene oxide-polystyrene copolymer microspheres, (PS-PEO) and charge stabilized polystyrene (PS) microspheres of similar size (1 micron) were prepared in order to compare their uptake by cultured rat Kupffer cells isolated by centrifugal elutriation. The uptake of the sterically stabilized particles was found to be much less than(More)
A total of 2401 isolates of Haemophilus parainfluenzae was isolated from respiratory secretions of 36 healthy adults and 128 patients with chronic bronchitis over a period of 1 year. The isolates were allocated to eight biotypes, by their production of indole, urease and ornithine decarboxylase. Biotypes I and II constituted most of the isolates of H.(More)
In rabbits and rats under urethane anesthesia, a systematic survey was made of the caudal trigeminal nucleus, using glass coated tungsten microelectrodes. This revealed many neurons in the marginal layer sensitive either to warming or cooling the facial skin. The majority of these neurons were specifically temperature sensitive. In rats, a somatotopic(More)
Acute bronchitis has been studied as a model of disturbed mucosal immunoregulation. A new hypothesis relating to the pathogenesis of acute bronchitis has been developed, based on altered host response as the prime mover. Infection-prone subjects had low levels of lysozyme. Effective oral immunization, especially if early, reduced levels of bacterial(More)
BACKGROUND Leg varicose veins are associated with pelvic venous reflux in approximately 20% of women who have had children. However, most venous units do not routinely look for pelvic venous reflux or treat it. We aimed to investigate what proportion of patients with recurrent varicose veins and a history of open surgery have pelvic venous reflux as a major(More)