Dennis C. Otero

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Non-coding microRNAs (miRs) are a vital component of post-transcriptional modulation of protein expression and, like coding mRNAs harbour oncogenic properties. However, the mechanisms governing miR expression and the identity of the affected transcripts remain poorly understood. Here we identify the inositol phosphatase SHIP1 as a bonafide target of the(More)
Radiation-induced apoptosis (RiA) is used therapeutically for tumor cell ablation as well as a tool to characterize hemopoietic cell lineages. We report that the peritoneal B-1 B cell subset is selectively resistant to RiA. Inherent radioresistance is not shared by splenic B-2 or B-1 cells. However, it is conferred upon B-2 cells by BCR crosslinking in the(More)
IkappaB Kinase (IKK)alpha is required for activation of an alternative NF-kappaB signaling pathway based on processing of the NF-kappaB2/p100 precursor protein, which associates with RelB in the cytoplasm. This pathway, which activates RelB:p52 dimers, is required for induction of several chemokine genes needed for organization of secondary lymphoid organs.(More)
The importance of lymphotoxin (LT) betaR (LTbetaR) as a regulator of lymphoid organogenesis is well established, but its role in host defense has yet to be fully defined. In this study, we report that mice deficient in LTbetaR signaling were highly susceptible to infection with murine CMV (MCMV) and early during infection exhibited a catastrophic loss of T(More)
Macrophages express a specific receptor that recognizes acetylated low density lipoprotein (LDL) and certain other chemically modified forms of LDL but not native LDL. LDL oxidatively modified either by incubation with endothelial cells in Ham's F-10 medium or by incubation with 5 microM copper(II) ion in the absence of cells is recognized by this same(More)
Expression of B cell-activating factor (BAFF), a critical B cell survival factor, is elevated in autoimmune and lymphoproliferative disorders. Mice overproducing BAFF develop systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)-like disease and exhibit B cell activation of classical and alternative NF-kappaB-signaling pathways. We used a genetic approach and found that both(More)
CD19 is rapidly phosphorylated upon B-cell antigen receptor (BCR) cross-linking, leading to the recruitment of downstream signaling intermediates. A prominent feature of CD19 signaling is the binding and activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (P13K), which accounts for the majority of PI3K activity induced by BCR ligation. Recent findings have implicated(More)
Although the B-cell antigen receptor (BCR) factors most prominently in the maintenance and differentiation of mature B cells, it is now appreciated that co-receptor molecules can positively or negatively modulate signals through the BCR. Co-receptors are functionally defined as modifiers of BCR engagement and signal transduction, and are distinct from other(More)
Giuseppina Bonizzi, Magali Bebien, Dennis C Otero, Kirsten E JohnsonVroom, Yixue Cao, Don Vu, Anil G Jegga, Bruce J Aronow, Gourisankar Ghosh, Robert C Rickert and Michael Karin* Laboratory of Gene Regulation and Signal Transduction, Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA, Division of(More)
Loss of membrane-bound Ig results in the rapid onset of apoptosis in recirculating B cells. This observation implies that a competent B cell receptor (BCR) is not only required for Ag-dependent differentiation, but also for continued survival in the peripheral immune system. Expression of the B cell coreceptor, CD19, is likewise essential for key B cell(More)