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The TPA was set up to inform decision making processes and address key controversies in the energy field. It aims to provide authoritative and accessible reports that set very high standards for rigour and transparency. The subject of the report was chosen after extensive consultation with energy sector stakeholders. It addresses the following question:(More)
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In the recent years, e-participation has emerged as an important area particularly in e-government and e-governance. Proliferation of the Internet and mobile technologies has only accelerated the need for more e-participation from citizens around the world. Billions of global citizens are calling for transparencies and better governance without corruptions.(More)
Executive Summary The Garnaut Review will emphasise innovation in new energy technologies and processes as a key element in the delivery of deep cuts in carbon emissions. Consequently, it matters to understand both drivers for and barriers to innovation in the stationary energy sector which accounts for 50% of Australia's greenhouse gas emissions. This(More)
The absence of reliable access to clean energy and the services it provides imposes a large disease burden on low-income populations and impedes prospects for development. Furthermore, current patterns of fossil-fuel use cause substantial ill-health from air pollution and occupational hazards. Impending climate change, mainly driven by energy use, now also(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate visual function in migraine using visual evoked potentials. METHODS Electroretinograms (ERGs) and visual evoked potentials (VEPs) to single flash (SF) and pattern reversal (PR) stimuli were studied in 92 migraine subjects and 62 controls. RESULTS In subjects with migraine, ERGs to single flash were normal. Mean latencies of the(More)
The paper develops a way of characterising technological change in energy systems in a form suitable for economic analysis. The focus is on technological responses to climate change. A large array of non-carbon options is emerging, though their costs are generally high relative to those of fossil fuels. However, costs are also declining relatively with(More)
DESA The Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat is a vital interface between global policies in the economic, social and environmental spheres and national action. The Department works in three main interlinked areas: (i) it generates, compiles and analyzes a wide range of economic, social and environmental data and(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the incidence and clinical features of patients with infective endocarditis (IE) and stroke. METHODS The authors reviewed the records of 707 patients diagnosed with definite or possible IE between January 1984 and November 1999. Stroke was confirmed by application of strict definitions and classified by type, pathophysiology,(More)