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The absence of reliable access to clean energy and the services it provides imposes a large disease burden on low-income populations and impedes prospects for development. Furthermore, current patterns of fossil-fuel use cause substantial ill-health from air pollution and occupational hazards. Impending climate change, mainly driven by energy use, now also(More)
Executive Summary The Garnaut Review will emphasise innovation in new energy technologies and processes as a key element in the delivery of deep cuts in carbon emissions. Consequently, it matters to understand both drivers for and barriers to innovation in the stationary energy sector which accounts for 50% of Australia's greenhouse gas emissions. This(More)
The Minnesota Model, also known as the abstinence model, of addiction treatment was created in a state mental hospital in the 1950s by two young men, one who was to become a psychologist, the other who was to become a psychiatrist, neither of whom had prior experience treating addicts or alcoholics. The model spread first to a small not-for-profit(More)
iii Executive summary Context DTI are currently undertaking a review of support for innovation of new and renewable energy technologies, to ensure that policies are well integrated and coherent, and are providing appropriate support to the full range of technologies. This paper feeds into the review, with a particular focus on the early stage technologies.(More)
To provide for the delivery of essential and comprehensive services for alcoholics, a well-developed continuum of care encompasses the following services: an information and referral, or diagnostic, center; detoxification or receiving center; primary rehabilitation; extended rehabilitation; residential intermediate care; outpatient care; a family program;(More)
This paper considers the challenges of infrastructure rehabilitation and reconstruction in twelve war-affected economies in Africa. Direct war damage, the neglect of infrastructure maintenance investments during the war and poor public policies have left most of the countries with deteriorated water, transport, energy and telecommunication infrastructure.(More)