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PURPOSE To study the absolute bioavailability and pharmacokinetics of an oral solution of fluorouracil (5-FU) in patients treated with 776C85, an oral inactivator of dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD), and to evaluate the feasibility of administering oral 5-FU and 776C85 on a multiple-daily dosing schedule. PATIENTS AND METHODS Twelve patients with(More)
The antineoplastic activity that taxol has demonstrated in advanced ovarian cancer and other neoplasms in which the platinum analogues are among the most active agents has been the impetus for the development of taxol/platinum combination regimens. Since both classes of agents are known to induce cell-cycle-dependent effects and to delay cell-cycle traverse(More)
Untreated and minimally pretreated solid tumor patients received alternating sequences of taxol and cisplatin. Sequential dose escalation of each agent using taxol doses of 110 or 135 mg/m2 and cisplatin doses of 50 or 75 mg/m2 resulted in four dosage permutations that induced grades 3 and 4 neutropenia in 72% to 84% and 50% to 53% of courses, respectively.(More)
Hexamethylene bisacetamide (HMBA, NSC 95580), a potent polar-planar differentiating agent in vitro, was studied in a phase I trial as a 10-day continuous infusion administered every 4 weeks. Since preclinical evidence had demonstrated that the duration of HMBA exposure was an important variable in the induction of differentiation, and HMBA steady-state(More)
NMR (1H and 31P) and HPLC techniques were used to study the partitioning of phosphoramide mustard (PM) and its aziridinium ions among alkylation and P-N bond hydrolysis reactions as a function of the concentration and strength of added nucleophiles at 37 degrees C and pH 7.4. With water as the nucleophile, bisalkylation accounted for only 10-13% of the(More)
The plasma clearance rates of factors IX and VIII were determined in patients with hemophilia A and B who had received factor replacement by prolonged, continuous infusion of factor concentrates. The clearance rates were calculated by dividing the factor infusion rates by the steady-state plasma factor activities corrected for base-line factor activities.(More)
The pharmacokinetics of cyclophosphamide has been evaluated in 15 patients with metastatic breast cancer undergoing high-dose chemotherapy with alkylating agents followed by autologous bone marrow transplantation. Each patient received two courses of chemotherapy: 4 g/m2 of cyclophosphamide by 90-min infusion prior to peripheral blood progenitor cell(More)
Brequinar sodium is a quinoline carboxylic acid derivative that has shown antitumor activity in a number of in vivo murine and human tumor xenograft models. Its mechanism of action is blockade of de novo pyrimidine biosynthesis by inhibition of dihydroorotic acid dehydrogenase. In vitro and in vivo studies demonstrate the superiority of prolonged drug(More)
PURPOSE The feasibility of administering vinorelbine (Navelbine, Burroughs Wellcome Co, Research Triangle Park, NC), a semisynthetic vinca alkaloid with broad activity, as a liquid-filled gelatin capsule was evaluated in a bioavailability (F) and pharmacokinetic study. PATIENTS AND METHODS Each of 17 cancer patients had pharmacokinetic studies performed(More)
Piroxantrone (PRX, NSC 349174) is one of the first of a new class of intercalating agents, the anthrapyrazoles, to undergo clinical evaluation. Additionally, it is the first drug trial to prospectively test a new pharmacology-based dose escalation schema proposed for Phase I trials of anticancer compounds. In this Phase I trial, PRX was administered as a(More)