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Marine subsurface environments such as deep-sea sediments, house abundant and diverse microbial communities that are believed to influence large-scale geochemical processes. These processes include the biotransformation and mineralization of numerous petroleum constituents. Thus, microbial communities in the Gulf of Mexico are thought to be responsible for(More)
Lately, there has been a special interest in understanding the role of halophilic and halotolerant organisms for their ability to degrade hydrocarbons. The focus of this study was to investigate the genes and enzymes involved in the initial steps of the benzene degradation pathway in halophiles. The extremely halophilic bacteria Arhodomonas sp. strain(More)
This work reviews published structural and kinetic data on the pyridine nucleotide-linked beta-hydroxyacid oxidative decarboxylases. The family of metal ion-dependent pyridine nucleotide-linked beta-hydroxyacid oxidative decarboxylases can be divided into two structural families with the malic enzyme, which has an (S)-hydroxyacid substrate, comprising one(More)
Investigating the susceptibility of various fuels to anaerobic biodegradation has become complicated with the recognition that the fuels themselves are not sterile. Bacterial DNA could be obtained when various fuels were filtered through a hydrophobic teflon (0.22 μm) membrane filter. Bacterial 16S rRNA genes from these preparations were PCR amplified,(More)
Ultralow sulfur diesel (ULSD) fuel has been integrated into the worldwide fuel infrastructure to help meet a variety of environmental regulations. However, desulfurization alters the properties of diesel fuel in ways that could potentially impact its biological stability. Fuel desulfurization might predispose ULSD to biodeterioration relative to sulfur-rich(More)
The mitochondrial NAD-malic enzyme catalyzes the oxidative decarboxylation of malate to pyruvate and CO2. The role of the dinucleotide substrate in oxidative decarboxylation is probed in this study using site-directed mutagenesis to change key residues that line the dinucleotide binding site. Mutant enzymes were characterized using initial rate kinetics,(More)
A polyurethane (PU) degrading bacterial strain MZA-75 was isolated from soil through enrichment technique. The bacterium was identified through 16S rRNA gene sequencing, the phylogenetic analysis indicated the strain MZA-75 belonged to genus Bacillus having maximum similarity with Bacillus subtilis strain JBE0016. The degradation of PU films by strain(More)
Ascaris suum mitochondrial malic enzyme catalyzes the divalent metal ion dependent conversion of l-malate to pyruvate and CO(2), with concomitant reduction of NAD(P) to NAD(P)H. In this study, some of the residues that form the adenosine binding site of NAD were mutated to determine their role in binding of the cofactor and/or catalysis. D361, which is(More)
Fuels that biodegrade too easily can exacerbate through-wall pitting corrosion of pipelines and tanks and result in unintentional environmental releases. We tested the biological stability of two emerging naval biofuels (camelina-JP5 and Fischer-Tropsch-F76) and their potential to exacerbate carbon steel corrosion in seawater incubations with and without a(More)