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PURPOSE This study was designed to investigate the effects of total parenteral nutrition (PN) using different lipid emulsions in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. METHODS Fifty-two patients were randomized to receive soybean oil + medium chain triglycerides (MCT) (group I), soybean oil + olive oil (group II), soybean oil + olive oil + fish oil(More)
Although a great deal of successful research has been carried out in just-in-time (JIT) philosophy, few researchers have focused on the adaptation of JIT philosophy in service systems. Despite the recent improvements in the service systems, few studies have been carried out which examine the effects of the JIT philosophy on service systems which have a(More)
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