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It is estimated that there are over 5,000 species of mushrooms worldwide. Some of them are edible and some are poisonous due to containing significant toxins. In more than 95% of mushroom toxicity cases, poisoning occurs as a result of misidentification of the mushroom by an amateur mushroom hunter. The severity of mushroom poisoning may vary, depending on(More)
Biguanides can function as oral antihyperglycemic drugs. They were used for diabetes mellitus or prediabetes treatment over the last nine decades, but they lost their popularity in 1970s because of phenformin and regained with metformin. For metformin, the most common side effects are diarrhea and dyspepsia, occurring in up to 30% of patients. The most(More)
Malnutrition has been associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to determine the nutritional status and micronutrient levels of hospitalized patients in an infectious disease clinic and investigate their association with adverse clinical outcomes. The nutritional status of the study participants was assessed using(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the protective effect of resveratrol against amikacin-induced ototoxicity in rats by otoacoustic emission and histopathology of the cochlea. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study was conducted with 31 Sprague Dawley adult female rats that were 20-21 weeks old and 190-245 g in weight. Before the drug(More)
BACKGROUND The syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone was first described in 1957 by Schwartz, and is characterised by hyponatraemia, inappropriately increased urine osmolality and urine sodium, and decreased serum osmolality in a euvolemic patient without edema. A patient with the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone should have normal(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertension is a very important cause of morbidity and mortality. Serum gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) is a biomarker of oxidative stress and associated with increased risk of hypertension and diabetes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of serum GGT level, which is an early marker of inflammation and endothelial(More)
INTRODUCTION Allergic Rhinitis (AR) effects 20-40% of the global population and its prevalance increases. Medical treatment and immunotherapy could be used in AR management. But they are not definitive solution. Medical treatment must be used a long time and has side effects. Immunotherapy cannot be applied to every patient and it also takes a long time.(More)
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