Denise Taylor

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Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is a bariatric surgery in which 60% to 80% of the stomach is removed longitudinally, resulting in a smaller stomach that takes the shape of a "sleeve." The mechanism for weight loss is gastric restriction and possible neurohormonal changes resulting from lower levels of ghrelin (an appetite-stimulating hormone), as a(More)
PURPOSE To compare the effects of functional home exercise of repeated sit-to-stands with low-intensity progressive resistance training, on performance measures in mobility-limited adults over 80 years of age. SETTING Participants' homes. DESIGN Community-dwelling older adults > or =80 years of age were invited to participate in a randomised controlled(More)
PURPOSE To explore the barriers and facilitators to engagement in physical activity from the perspective of people with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHOD This study adopted a qualitative descriptive design, using semi-structured interviews. Participants were recruited through local MS Societies and one District Health Board as part of a larger study. Ten(More)
PURPOSE To explore the relationship that cognitive behavioural and other previously identified variables have with physical activity engagement in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS This study adopted a cross-sectional questionnaire design. Participants were 282 individuals with MS. Outcome measures included the Physical Activity Disability(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the feasibility, acceptability, and psychometric properties of Actical accelerometers in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). DESIGN Participants attended 2 testing sessions 7 days apart in which they completed 6 activities ranging in intensity while wearing an Actical accelerometer and Polar heart rate monitor. Perceived exertion was(More)
PURPOSE Moving On after STroke (MOST) is an established self-management programme for persons with stroke and their care partners. Through 18 sessions over 9 weeks, each including discussion and exercise, participants learn about goal-setting, problem-solving, exercise, and community-reintegration skills. This study was undertaken to evaluate the(More)
OBJECTIVE To revise the Physical Activity Disability Scale (PADS) and to explore the acceptability and test-retest reliability of the revised measure, the PADS-R, in people with multiple sclerosis. DESIGN This study was conducted over three phases: (1) PADS-R questionnaire development including modification to the original PADS, field testing and(More)
A novel animal model of insulin resistance, the fructose-fed Syrian golden hamster, was employed to investigate the efficacy and mechanisms of action of rosuvastatin, a HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, in ameliorating metabolic dyslipidemia in insulin-resistant states. Fructose feeding for a 2-week period induced insulin resistance and a significant increase in(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the effectiveness of tai chi and low-level exercise in reducing falls in older adults; to determine whether mobility, balance, and lower limb strength improved and whether higher doses of tai chi resulted in greater effect. DESIGN Randomized controlled trial. SETTING Eleven sites throughout New Zealand. PARTICIPANTS Six hundred(More)