Denise Steiner

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Structural knowledge about proteins is mainly derived from values of observables, measurable in NMR spectroscopic or X-ray diffraction experiments, i.e. absorbed or scattered intensities, through theoretically derived relationships between structural quantities such as atom positions or torsional angles on the one hand and observable quantities such as(More)
GROMOS++ is a set of C++ programs for pre- and postprocessing of molecular dynamics simulation trajectories and as such is part of the GROningen MOlecular Simulation software for (bio)molecular simulation. It contains more than 70 programs that can be used to prepare data for the production of molecular simulation trajectories and to analyze these. These(More)
An understanding at the atomic level of the driving forces of inhibitor binding to the protein plasmepsin (PM) II would be of interest to the development of drugs against malaria. To this end, three state of the art computational techniques to compute relative free energies-thermodynamic integration (TI), Hamiltonian replica-exchange (H-RE) TI, and(More)
The calculation of the relative free energies of ligand-protein binding, of solvation for different compounds, and of different conformational states of a polypeptide is of considerable interest in the design or selection of potential enzyme inhibitors. Since such processes in aqueous solution generally comprise energetic and entropic contributions from(More)
Deriving structural information about a protein from NMR experimental data is still a non-trivial challenge to computational biochemistry. This is because of the low ratio of the number of independent observables to the number of molecular degrees of freedom, the approximations involved in the different relationships between particular observable quantities(More)
Free energy calculations are described for the small copper-containing redox protein Azurin from Pseudomonas aeruginosa. A thermodynamic cycle connecting the reduced and oxidized states at pH 5 and pH 9 is considered, allowing for an assessment of convergence in terms of hysteresis and cycle closure. Previously published thermodynamic integration (TI) data(More)
We present the first measurement of the Q2 dependence of the neutron spin structure function g2(n) at five kinematic points covering 0.57 (GeV/c)2 < or = Q2 < or = 1.34 (GeV/c)2 at x approximately = 0.2. Though the naive quark-parton model predicts g2 = 0, nonzero values occur in more realistic models of the nucleon which include quark-gluon correlations,(More)
We have measured the neutron spin asymmetry A(n)(1) with high precision at three kinematics in the deep inelastic region at x=0.33, 0.47, and 0.60, and Q(2)=2.7, 3.5, and 4.8 (GeV/c)(2), respectively. Our results unambiguously show, for the first time, that A(n)(1) crosses zero around x=0.47 and becomes significantly positive at x=0.60. Combined with the(More)
X. Zheng, K. Aniol, D. S. Armstrong, T. D. Averett, W. Bertozzi, S. Binet, E. Burtin, E. Busato, C. Butuceanu, J. Calarco, A. Camsonne, G. D. Cates, Z. Chai, J.-P. Chen, Seonho Choi, E. Chudakov, F. Cusanno7, R. De Leo7, A. Deur21, S. Dieterich16, D. Dutta13, J. M. Finn22, S. Frullani7, H. Gao13, J. Gao1, F. Garibaldi7, S. Gilad13, R. Gilman8,16, J. Gomez8,(More)
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