Denise S. P. Q. Horton

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Recombinant rabies virus glycoprotein (rRVGP) was expressed in Drosophila melanogaster Schneider 2 (S2) cells. The cDNA encoding the entire RVGP gene was cloned in an expression plasmid under the control of the constitutive actin promoter (Ac), which was co-transfected into S2 cells together with a hygromycin selection plasmid. Selected S2 cell populations(More)
An improved whole cell pertussis vaccine, designated as Plow, which is low in endotoxicity due to a chemical extraction of lipo-oligosaccharide (LOS) from the outer membrane, was evaluated for safety, immunogenicity and potency, comparatively to a traditional whole cell pertussis vaccine. Current whole cell pertussis vaccines are effective but contain large(More)
Four constitutive enzymes, capable of degrading keratan sulfate, were isolated from Pseudomonas sp.: a particulate endoglycosidase, a soluble endoglycosidase, a soluble exo-beta-D-galactosidase and a soluble exo-beta-D-N-acetylglucosaminidase. The endoglycosidases were shown to act only upon keratan sulfate forming(More)
Vitamin A was used as adjuvant, comparatively with Al(OH)3, in pertussis, tetanus and diphtheria vaccines. Both groups induced a primary immune response in mice, and one single booster dose elevated the antibodies titers in average 554 times to vitamin A groups and 104 times to Al(OH)3. These antibodies titers correlate with sera IL-4 in immunized animals,(More)
Intraspecific variation in Crotalus durissus terrificus venom composition was studied in relation to crotamine activity. Crotamine induces paralysis in extension of hind legs of mice and myonecrosis in skeletal muscle cells. To determine whether the venom of crotamine-negative rattlesnake contains a quantity of myotoxin incapable of inducing paralysis, we(More)
Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) have been employed either for diagnosis or treatment of infections caused by different pathogens. Specifically for Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC), numerous immunoassays have been developed for STEC diagnosis, showing variability in sensitivity and specificity when evaluated by reference laboratories, and no(More)
A single-step chromatography on Matrex-Gel Blue A has been employed to obtain soluble extracts containing some of the most important antigens of Bordetella pertussis, pertussis toxin (PT), filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA), pertactin (69-kDa outer membrane protein), fimbriae (FIM2 and FIM3) and adenylate cyclase (AC). Two supernatants, P19 (48.8 mg PT, 6.8 mg(More)
Filamentous hemagglutinin adhesin (FHA) is important for the adherence of Bordetella pertussis to the host ciliary epithelial cells of the respiratory tract. Several binding domains have been characterized in the FHA molecule. For example, an putative heparin-binding domain of FHA was previously located in the FHA(442-863) region. In this work, the HEP(More)
AIMS The aim of study was to develop a colony immunoblot assay to differentiate typical from atypical enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) by detection of bundle-forming pilus (BFP) expression. METHODS AND RESULTS Anti-BFP antiserum was raised in rabbits and its reactivity was confirmed by immunoelectron microscopy and by immunoblotting recognizing(More)
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) produce heat-labile (LT) and/or heat-stable enterotoxins (ST). Despite that, the mechanism of action of both toxins are well known, there is great controversy in the literature concerning the in vitro production and release of LT and, for ST, no major concerns have been discussed. Furthermore, the majority of(More)