Denise R. Holsberger

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Neonatal hypothyroidism increases adult Sertoli cell populations by extending Sertoli cell proliferation. Conversely, hyperthyroidism induces premature cessation of Sertoli cell proliferation and stimulates maturational events like seminiferous tubule canalization. Thyroid hormone receptors alpha1 and beta1, which are commonly referred to as TRalpha1 and(More)
A symposium at the 2003 Annual Meeting of the Society of Toxicology brought together an expert group of endocrinologists to review how non-reproductive hormones can affect the endocrine system. This publication captures the essence of those presentations. Paul Cooke and Denise Holsberger recapitulate the evidence of how thyroid hormones affect male and(More)
More than a decade of research has shown that Sertoli cell proliferation is regulated by thyroid hormone. Neonatal hypothyroidism lengthens the period of Sertoli cell proliferation, leading to increases in Sertoli cell number, testis weight, and daily sperm production (DSP) when euthyroidism is re-established. In contrast, the neonatal Sertoli cell(More)
Adipocyte hyperplasia is characteristic of some forms of human obesity, but the role of adipocyte number in obesity and how normal adipocyte number is established are unclear. Preadipocytes proliferate and then differentiate to become mitotically quiescent adipocytes. This involves exit from the cell cycle, a process regulated by cell cycle inhibitors such(More)
Thyroid hormone regulates early postnatal Sertoli cell proliferation. Transient neonatal hypothyroidism allows prolonged postnatal Sertoli cell mitogenesis and doubles adult Sertoli cell numbers, testis weight, and sperm production. The mechanism of this effect is unknown. Cell proliferation is stimulated by cyclins and cyclin-dependent kinases and(More)
Thyroid hormone inhibits neonatal Sertoli cell proliferation and recent results have shown that thyroid hormone upregulates cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors (CDKIs) p27Kip1 and p21Cip1 (also known as CDKN1B and CDKN1A, respectively) in neonatal Sertoli cells. This suggests that these CDKIs, which negatively regulate the cell cycle, could be critical in(More)
OBJECTIVE The etiology of some obesity may involve adipocyte hyperplasia. However, the role of adipocyte number in establishing adipose mass is unclear. Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27 regulates activity of cyclin/cyclin-dependent kinase complexes responsible for cell cycle progression. This protein is critical for establishing adult adipocyte number,(More)
Turkey seminal plasma contains a serine protease found to be distinct from the spermatozoal acrosin. However, the origin and biological roles of this enzyme are unknown. Our experimental objective was to identify the cellular source of this protease within the male reproductive tract. The enzyme was isolated from seminal plasma using benzamidine-Sepharose(More)
In previous research, we discovered that turkey deferent duct epithelial cells express a serine protease. Our experimental objective was to identify the gene that encodes this protein. A lambda phage cDNA library from duct cell mRNA was constructed. The library was screened using monoclonal antibodies previously produced against the turkey deferent-duct(More)
Proliferating cells express cyclins, cell cycle regulatory proteins that regulate the activity of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs). The actions of CDKs are regulated by specific inhibitors, the CDK inhibitors (CDKIs), which are comprised of the Cip/Kip and INK4 families. Expression of the Cip/Kip CDKI 1B (Cdkn1b, encoding protein CDKN1B, also called(More)