Denise M. Sadlier

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BACKGROUND We report the induction of gremlin, a bone morphogenetic protein antagonist, in cultured human mesangial cells exposed to high glucose and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) levels in vitro and kidneys from diabetic rats in vivo. METHODS Gremlin expression was assessed in human diabetic nephropathy by means of in situ hybridization,(More)
We formed the GEnetics of Nephropathy-an International Effort (GENIE) consortium to examine previously reported genetic associations with diabetic nephropathy (DN) in type 1 diabetes. GENIE consists of 6,366 similarly ascertained participants of European ancestry with type 1 diabetes, with and without DN, from the All Ireland-Warren 3-Genetics of Kidneys in(More)
The molecular mechanisms of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF) remain elusive. Transforming Growth Factor beta 1(TGF-beta1) is a key effector cytokine in the development of lung fibrosis. We used microarray and computational biology strategies to identify genes whose expression is significantly altered in alveolar epithelial cells (A549) in response to(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β1) is implicated in the onset and progression of renal fibrosis and diabetic nephropathy (DN), leading to a loss of epithelial characteristics of tubular cells. The transcriptional profile of renal tubular epithelial cells stimulated with TGF-β1 was assessed using RNA-Seq, with 2027 differentially expressed genes(More)
BACKGROUND Vitamin D and its analogues are reported to have renoprotective effects in chronic kidney disease including diabetic nephropathy (DN). Vitamin D(3) is converted to 1,25(OH)D(3) by CYP2R1 and CYP27B1. The biological action of 1,25(OH)D(3) is mediated via its receptor. VDR, CYP27B1 or CYP2R1 gene variants could modify the biological activity of(More)
Diabetic kidney disease, or diabetic nephropathy (DN), is a major complication of diabetes and the leading cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) that requires dialysis treatment or kidney transplantation. In addition to the decrease in the quality of life, DN accounts for a large proportion of the excess mortality associated with type 1 diabetes (T1D).(More)
Lipoxins, which are endogenously produced lipid mediators, promote the resolution of inflammation, and may inhibit fibrosis, suggesting a possible role in modulating renal disease. Here, lipoxin A4 (LXA4) attenuated TGF-β1-induced expression of fibronectin, N-cadherin, thrombospondin, and the notch ligand jagged-1 in cultured human proximal tubular(More)
Gremlin, a cell growth and differentiation factor, promotes the development of diabetic nephropathy in animal models, but whether GREM1 gene variants associate with diabetic nephropathy is unknown. We comprehensively screened the 5' upstream region (including the predicted promoter), all exons, intron-exon boundaries, complete untranslated regions, and the(More)
BACKGROUND Microarray technology is a powerful tool that can probe the molecular pathogenesis of renal injury. In this present study microarray analysis was used to monitor serial changes in the renal transcriptome of a rat model of mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis. Administration of anti-Thy1 antibody results in phases of acute mesangial injury(More)
Sex and genetic variation influence the risk of developing diabetic nephropathy and ESRD in patients with type 1 diabetes. We performed a genome-wide association study in a cohort of 3652 patients from the Finnish Diabetic Nephropathy (FinnDiane) Study with type 1 diabetes to determine whether sex-specific genetic risk factors for ESRD exist. A common(More)