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Our objective was to determine whether electrical neuromodulation using spinal cord stimulation (SCS) mitigates transient ischemia-induced ventricular infarction and, if so, whether adrenergic neurons are involved in such cardioprotection. The hearts of anesthetized rabbits, subjected to 30 min of left anterior descending coronary arterial occlusion (CAO)(More)
Osteopontin, also called cytokine Eta-1, is a multifunctional protein containing Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser (RGDS) cell-binding sequence. It interacts with alpha(v)beta1, alpha(v)beta3 and alpha(v)beta5 integrins and CD44 receptors. OPN is suggested to play a role during inflammation via the recruitment and retention of macrophages and T-cells to inflamed sites. OPN(More)
Expression of cell adhesion molecule in endothelial cells upon activation by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is associated with the development of atherosclerotic vasculopathy. We postulated that induction of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) by HIV-1 Tat protein in endothelial cells might represent an early event that could culminate(More)
Ligation of CD40 on monocytes through its interaction with CD40 ligand (CD154) present on activated T helper cells, results in activation of monocyte inflammatory cytokine synthesis and rescue of monocytes from apoptosis induced through serum deprivation. Both of these consequences of CD40 stimulation have been shown to be dependent on the induction of(More)
The interaction between CD40 ligand (CD154) expressed on activated T cells and its receptor, CD40, has been shown to play a role in the onset and maintenance of autoimmune inflammation. Recent studies suggest that CD154+T cells also contribute to the regulation of atherogenesis due to their capacity to activate CD40+cells of the vasculature, including(More)
Exposure of tissues to sulfur mustard (SM) results in the formation of protein and nucleotide adducts that disrupt cellular metabolism and cause cell death. Subsequent pathologies involve a significant proinflammatory response, disrupted healing, and long-term defects in tissue architecture. Following ocular exposure, acute corneal sequelae include(More)
Mast cells play pivotal roles in immunoglobulin (Ig) E-mediated airway inflammation, expressing interleukin (IL)-13 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), which in turn regulate IgE synthesis and/or inflammatory cell recruitment. The molecular effects of IL-1beta on cytokine expression by human mast cells (HMC) have not been studied well. In this(More)
PURPOSE Sulfur mustard (SM) exposure results in dose-dependent morbidities caused by cytotoxicity and vesication. Although lesions resulting from ocular exposure often resolve clinically, an idiopathic delayed mustard gas keratopathy (MGK) can develop after a moderate or severe exposure. Sequelae include persistent keratitis, recurring epithelial lesions,(More)
Human mast cells are capable of secreting a plethora of inflammatory mediators and cytokines that may play a pivotal role in innate immune and inflammatory responses. Activation of mast cells by antigen and immunoglobulin E (IgE) results in signaling, gene expression, and expression of inflammatory mediators. Although a variety of techniques have been used(More)
A subset of victims of ocular sulfur mustard (SM) exposure develops an irreversible, idiotypic keratitis with associated secondary pathologies, collectively referred to as mustard gas keratopathy (MGK). MGK involves a progressive corneal degeneration resulting in chronic ocular discomfort and impaired vision for which clinical interventions have typically(More)