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The concentration of fecal indicator bacteria in the surf zone at Huntington Beach, CA, varies over time scales that span at least 7 orders of magnitude, from minutes to decades. Sources of this variability include historical changes in the treatment and disposal of wastewater and dry weather runoff, El Niño events, seasonal variations in rainfall,(More)
Gamma irradiation has been shown to effectively control L monocytogenes in uncooked meats but has not been extensively studied in ready-to-eat foods. The presence of Listeria in ready-to-eat foods is often due to postprocess contamination by organisms in the food-manufacturing environment. Because gamma irradiation is applied after products are packaged,(More)
Cilantro (Coriandrum sativum) inoculated with Escherichia coli O157:H7 at levels approximating 10(7) CFU/g was dipped in 200 ppm chlorine solution followed by low-dose gamma irradiation. Samples were plated on tryptic soy agar containing 50 microg/ml nalidixic acid (TSAN) as well as TSAN plates with two 7-ml layers of basal yeast extract agar (TSAN-TAL).(More)
Fresh, chopped romaine lettuce contaminated with a seven-strain cocktail of Listeria monocytogenes (in a solution containing approximately 10(8) organisms per ml) that had attained a level of contamination of between 7 and 8 log CFU/g was packaged in 15-g samples. The lettuce was irradiated with a Co60 source at 1.15 or 0.51 kGy and then stored at 4 degrees(More)
The purpose of this study was to develop a wheelchair ergometer (WERG) test to evaluate fitness for manual wheelchair activity. Thirty able-bodied females participated in a progressive intensity, discontinuous test where exercise bouts were 4 min in duration interspersed with 5-min rest periods. Physiological responses of oxygen uptake (VO2), respiratory(More)
Poor physical fitness of wheelchair-dependent individuals may result in excessive cardiorespiratory responses during locomotion. The purpose of this study was to develop and implement an interval training program (ITP) incorporating wheelchair ergometer (WERG) exercise to improve fitness for wheelchair activity. Of thirteen able-bodied female volunteers,(More)
Stress adaptation of microbial cells enables the cells to survive better when they are subsequently exposed to other types of stresses. In the food industry, pathogens are commonly stressed during food processing and this is a concern where pathogens such as Listeria monocytogenes are involved. Research was conducted to determine if acid adaptation of L.(More)
Outbreaks of salmonellosis have been associated with eating raw domestic tomatoes. In this study, we examined the efficiency of combined irradiation and a 1% calcium chloride dip to reduce the population of Salmonella enterica strains on diced tomatoes. Tomatoes were contaminated with nalidixic acid-resistant strains of S. Hartford, S. Montevideo, or a(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of a combination of a 1% calcium chloride dip with low dose irradiation on microbial populations, and biochemical and physical properties, of fresh diced tomatoes during a two-week storage period. Vine tomatoes at the light-red stage (trial 1) and Celebrity tomatoes at the table ripe stage (trial 2) were(More)
Optical properties of colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM) were measured as a tracer of polluted waters in a Southern California surf-zone with consistently high levels of fecal indicator bacteria. Salinity, temperature, fecal coliform, absorbance (200-700nm) and fluorescence (lambda(excitation)=350nm; lambda(emission)=360-650nm) were measured in the(More)
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