Denise Karcher

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The diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS) is a clinical one which should be made by a neurologist. Examination of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) [Lowenthal (1991): Neurol Neurosurg 4:914-918], the results of evoked potential studies, and magnetic resonance imaging serve as confirmatory tests. CSF is a window which permits a glimpse into the metabolism of the(More)
Calculi from a case of cerebral idiopathic nonarteriosclerotic calcification (Fahr's disease) were examined. The stone consists of hydroxyapatite and possesses a typical structure: the calcification process seems to be initiated by the formation of small round bodies that are cemented to each other to form the final stone. Calcified vessels are also(More)
The method described permits detection of specific antibodies to antigenic material, the protein components of which can first be separated by electrophoresis and then transferred to a supporting medium where their reactivity with antibody may be demonstrated using peroxidase-labelled anti-Ig. Results are described for measles virus and measles-like virus(More)
An enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of neuron specific enolase (NSE) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was developed. The sensitivity of the ELISA was less than 1 microgram/ml. This sensitivity is comparable with radioimmunoassays which have the disadvantage that radiolabelled products are used. The developed assay was used to measure(More)
Blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability in chronic relapsing experimental allergic encephalomyelitis was studied morphologically in tracer studies with horseradish peroxidase (HRP) as well as by quantitative determination of HRP, albumin, and IgG in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), BBB damage was found to be localized in demyelinating plaques and in(More)
a-albumin, a specific brain protein observed after agar gel electrophoresis and shown to be identical to the later described GFA, has been determined in normal and pathological human central nervous system and cerebrospinal fluid. The outcome of this study underlines the value of the detection of specific proteins of the brain in biological fluids.(More)
An animal model which might help to study multiple sclerosis has long been sought. With chronic relapsing experimental allergic encephalitis (EAE), the search seems to have brought hope and evidence of comparable pathology whether concerned with clinical or neuropathological results, but no study of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) electrophoretic pattern has(More)