Denise K Bonen

Learn More
Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the gastrointestinal tract, which is thought to result from the effect of environmental factors in a genetically predisposed host. A gene location in the pericentromeric region of chromosome 16, IBD1, that contributes to susceptibility to Crohn's disease has been established through multiple linkage(More)
Crohn disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) are overlapping chronic inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs). Suggestive evidence for linkage at chromosome 7q has been reported for both CD and UC. Contained within this region is the gene for MDR1 (multidrug resistance), a membrane transport protein for which human polymorphisms have been reported in(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The NOD2 variants R702W, G908R, and L1007fsinsC are strongly associated with Crohn's disease (CD) in both European and American populations, but whether this susceptibility extends to all ethnic groups remains unknown. Except for the L1007fsinsC mutation, which produces a truncated NOD2 protein, the functional activity of the major(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple factors, particularly IBD family history, tobacco use, age at diagnosis and recently, NOD2 mutant genotypes may influence Crohn's disease (CD) heterogeneity. METHODS We performed a multicenter retrospective record analysis of 275 unrelated patients with CD. Age at diagnosis, IBD family history, Jewish ethnicity, tobacco use at(More)
Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic inflammation affecting the gastrointestinal tract. Three mutations (Arg702Trp, Gly908Arg and Leu1007fsinsC) within the NOD2/CARD15 gene increase CD susceptibility. Here, we define cytokine regulation in primary human mononuclear cells, with muramyl dipeptide (MDP), the minimal NOD2/CARD15 activating component of(More)
Chondrocytes at different stages of cellular differentiation were isolated from the tarsal element (immature chondrocytes) and zones 2 and 3 (mature chondrocytes) of 12-d chick embryo tibiotarsus. The chondrocytes from the two sources differed in their cell morphologies, growth rate and production of type X collagen. In 24 h, zone 2 and 3 chondrocytes(More)
The idiopathic inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs), consisting of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, are complex genetic disorders involving chronic inflammation of the intestines. Multiple genetic loci have been implicated through genome-wide searches, but refinement of localization sufficient to undertake positional cloning efforts has been(More)
During endochondral bone formation chondrocytes pass through several stages of differentiation which are characterized by cell proliferation, matrix synthesis and cell hypertrophy. Type X collagen is synthesized in vivo after chondrocytes have become hypertrophic, but before abundant mineral accumulates in the cartilage extracellular matrix. The molecule is(More)
Apolipoprotein(a) (apo(a)) is synthesized and secreted from liver cells and represents one of the two major protein components of the atherogenic lipoprotein, Lp(a). Little is known, however, of the factors that regulate the secretion of this protein. We have undertaken an analysis of the response to oleate supplementation in stable clones of HepG2 and(More)
Apolipoprotein (apo) B48, a protein contained in intestinally derived lipoprotein particles, is synthesized by post-transcriptional editing of apoB100 mRNA. This reaction is mediated by an enzyme complex that includes the catalytic subunit, apobec-1. The liver of most mammals, by contrast, contains only unedited apoB mRNA and secretes apoB100, the major(More)