Denise Köppe

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Light and electron microscopic studies of corn plants (Zea mays L.) exposed to Pb in hydroponic solution showed that the roots generally accumulated a surface Pb precipitate and slowly accumulated Pb crystals in the cell walls. The root surface precipitate formed without the apparent influence of any cell organelles. In contrast, Pb taken up by roots was(More)
Proline oxidation and coupled phosphorylation were measured in mitochondria after isolation from shoots of water-stressed, etiolated maize (Zea mays L.) seedlings. Both state III and state IV rates of proline oxidation decreased as a logarithmic function of increased seedling water stress between -5 and -10 bars. Proline oxidation rates decreased 62% (state(More)
Mitochondria isolated from etiolated Texas male-sterile (TMS) cytoplasm maize (Zea mays L.) seedlings were adversely affected by methomyl (Lannate, 90 wettable powder), while those isolated from normal-fertile seedlings were not. In a manner analogous to that reported for Bipolaris (Helminthosporium) maydis (race T) toxin, experiments with TMS mitochondria(More)
Mitochondria isolated from etiolated shoots of corn (Zea mays), wheat (Triticum aestivum), barley (Hordeum vulgare), soybean (Glycine max L. Merr.), and mung bean (Phaseolus aureus) exhibited a proline-dependent O(2) uptake subject to respiratory control. ADP/O ratios with proline as substrate were intermediate between ratios obtained with exogenous NADH(More)
Mitochondria isolated from 3-day-old etiolated corn shoots (Zea mays L.) can be categorized into three separate groups, each group characteristic of the cell type from which the mitochondria were isolated. Phloem sieve tubes and some adjacent parenchyma cells contain mitochondria that have few cristae and little amorphous matrix. Mitochondria from(More)
Mitochondria were isolated from etiolated corn shoots (Zea mays L.) that were stressed to a measured water potential. The rates of mitochondrial respiration in state III, state IV, and without phosphate or ADP on a milligram protein basis decreased as water stress increased with succinate, malatepyruvate, or reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide as(More)
Mitochondria isolated from etiolated shoots of blight-susceptible and blight-resistant corn plants were subjected, in various respiratory states, to the pathotoxin released by Helminthosporium maydis (race T). The addition of the pathotoxin to susceptible mitochondria caused respiratory rate and oxidative phosphorylation changes. The addition of pathotoxin(More)
Bipolaris maydis race T toxin (BmT), and its functional analog, methomyl, uncoupled Texas male-sterile (T) cytoplasm mitochondria by decreasing the resistance of the inner membrane to protons. However, unlike protonophoric or ionophoric agents, BmT toxin and methomyl induced irreversible swelling. Packed volume measurements showed that mitochondrial volume(More)
Mitochondria isolated from Texas cytoplasmically male sterile (Tms) and normal (N) versions of corn (Zea mays L.) exhibit differential sensitivity to toxin(s) produced by Helminthosporium maydis race T, the causal organism of southern corn leaf blight. Malate dehydrogenase was inhibited by toxin(s) in intact Tms mitochondria but was unaffected in N(More)