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Background: Endometrial polyps (EMPs) are commonly encountered in routine surgical pathology practice, but opinions differ on whether they are intrinsically a marker for concurrent or subsequent malignancy. The objectives of the present study are 1) to investigate the age-group in which EMP are most commonly encountered 2) to document the age-group in which(More)
Endometrial stromal tumors (ESTs) of the uterine corpus have a striking propensity to display diverse morphological variations, including sex cord-like, smooth muscle, or skeletal muscle differentiation; fibrous change; myxoid change; or bland endometrioid-type glands. They may also contain rhabdoid, foam, clear, or epithelioid/granular cells among others.(More)
Several interactive and mutually perpetuating abnormal biochemical pathways, such as protein kinase C (PKC) activation, augmented polyol pathway, and non-enzymatic glycation, may be activated as a result of sustained hyperglycemia in diabetes. These abnormal pathways may in turn influence several vasoactive factors, which are probably instrumental in the(More)
BACKGROUND The World Health Organization recently recognized a family of neoplasms showing at least partial morphological or immunohistochemical evidence of a putative perivascular epithelioid cell (PEC) differentiation. These tumors include angiomyolipoma (AML), clear cell "sugar" tumors of the lung (CCST), lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM), clear cell(More)
BACKGROUND Endothelin-1 (ET-1) and sodium hydrogen exchanger-1 (NHE-1) are important mediators of several disease processes affecting the heart, especially relating to myocardial ischemia. There is evidence that their actions may be interrelated. Their contributions to diabetic heart disease have not been extensively documented. Accordingly, the aim of this(More)
Increased vascular permeability and blood flow alterations are characteristic features of diabetic retinal microangiopathy. The present study investigated vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its interactions with endothelin (ET) 1 and 3, endothelial, and inducible nitric oxide synthase (eNOS, iNOS) in mediating diabetes induced retinal vascular(More)
BACKGROUND The sodium hydrogen exchanger (NHE) is a transmembrane protein responsible for alkalinization and control of intracellular acidosis by the removal of hydrogen and the subsequent influx of sodium. Our investigation attempts to determine the role of NHE-1 in the pathogenesis of early retinal microangiopathy due to diabetes. METHODS Diabetes was(More)
Analysis of gene expression profiling data on breast cancers has revealed "molecular subclasses" that may have prognostic significance. The "basal-like" breast cancers, one of these molecular subclasses, have been associated with a significantly worse overall and disease-free survival as compared with most of the other subclasses. Previous studies on(More)
Background: Desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma (DIG) is a rare WHO Grade I tumor of infancy that is characterized by large volume, superficial location, invariable supratentoriality, fronto-parietal lobe predilection and morphologically, by an admixture of astroglial and neuroepithelial elements in a desmoplastic milieu. With over 50 cases described, the(More)
BACKGROUND The disruption of intercellular adhesions is an important component of the acquisition of invasive properties in epithelial malignancies. Alterations in the cell-cell adhesion complex, E-Cadherin/beta-Catenin, have been implicated in the oncogenesis of carcinomas arising from various anatomic sites and have been correlated with adverse(More)